1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication The Medicines Acts 1968 and various amendments cover the legal management of medication. While care staff are not expected to have detailed knowledge of the legislation, they do need to be aware of the legal difference between types of drugs and the legal framework that allows them to handle medicines on behalf of the service user. The following is a list of legislation that has a direct impact upon the handling of medication within a social care setting. * The Medicines Act 1968
* The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
* The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 SI 1973 No 798 as amended by Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 * The NHS Scotland Pharmaceutical Service (Regulations) 1995 * The Social Work Act 1968 as amended by The Regulation of Care Act 2001 * The Children Act 1989
* The Children’s Act 1995
* The Data Protection Act 1998
* The Care Standards Act 2000
* The Regulation of Care Act 2001
* The Health and Social Care Act 2001
* Adults with Incapacity Act 2000 9 © Social Care Association * The Health Act 200
* Health and Safety at Work Act (1974)
* The Control of Substances Hazardous to health Regulations (1999-COSHH) * Hazardous Waste Regulations (2005)
* Mental Capacity Act (2005)
* The Access to health records Act (1990)
This list is not exhaustive, organisations and all staff should be enabled to access documentation pertinent to the administration of medication like the examples listed above. The National Minimum Standards require the registered person puts in place policies and procedures for the receipt, recording, storage, administration and disposal of medicines. These policies and procedures are to protect not only the service users but also the staff who are responsible for the administration of medication. Non Registered Practitioner (NRP): remains responsible for their own actions. They should only administer the specific medicines for which they have received appropriate training, and assessed as competent, they can only practice within the sphere of this protocol for which they have received training and been assessed as competent. They should always work within the parameters identified within the protocol. They must refuse to administer any medicine if they do not feel competent to do so. Medicines must never be removed from their original containers or bottles in which they were dispensed by the pharmacist. This includes Monitored Dosage systems (MDS) or other compliance aids. Staff must always follow set procedures within their care settings and adhere to the main principals of safe administration. * identify the medication correctly (Correct labelling and dose to be administered) * identify the person correctly (Name, DOB and picture on MARS) * know what the medicine is intended to do (understand the effects for visual and physical observation if needed, possible contra indications) * know whether any special precautions are needed (Safe handling and Infection control) Individual cups are used and medication is not physically handled. Under no circumstances should medication prescribed for one person be given to another, even if they are both on the same medicine. All medication records should be referenced back to the original prescription and not the previous Medicine Administration Record (MAR) chart. An up to date record of current medication prescribed for each service user must be maintained. Medicine records should be kept together in one place. All records should be clear, legible, in black ink and signed. We need to keep a record of the initials and full signatures of all staff that are in any way involved with the care and administration of medication.
Because we administer...