Between 1976 and 1996 a total of 4647 incidents resulted in the spill of approximately 2,369,470 barrels of oil into the environment. In addition, between 1997 and 2001, Nigeria also recorded a total number of 2,097 oil spill incidents. Nigeria's largest spill was an offshore well-blow out in January 1980 when an estimated 200,000 barrels of oil (8.4million US gallons) spilled into the Atlantic Ocean from an oil industry facility and that damaged 340 hectares of mangrove (Nwilo and Badejo, 2005). Oil endangers fish hatcheries in coastal waters and as well contaminates the flesh of commercially valuable fish. In the Nigerian coastal environment a large areas of the mangrove ecosystem have been destroyed. The laws and policies passed by the government to protect the Nigerian marine coast are given in the following sections: 3.1 Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990.
3.2 National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA). 3.3 The Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC)
3.4 Petroleum Related Laws and Regulations
a. Endangered Species Decree Cap 108 LFN 1990.
b. Federal Environmental protection Agency Act Cap 131 LFN 1990. Totally 14 laws have been passed, 6 agencies organized by the government of Nigeria, and 4 non-governmental organanisations are working towards this due to which the rest of the mangrove ecosystem is being preserved. Further marine pollution and oil spill has come down drastically owing to these measures. POST COPENHAGEN STRATEGY
Nigeria, like many developing nations, is strongly predisposed to suffer the negative impacts of climate change due to its fragile economy, weak resilience and low adaptive capacity. Nigeria would enact appropriate policy, legal and institutional frameworks, mainstreaming climate change into development planning and processes, and ensuring adequate financing and funding of adaptation initiatives. The country’s negotiation efforts with the developed nations should result...
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