Managing Human Resources in Projects

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Master of Business Administration-MBA Semester III

Course: Master of Business Administration

Subject: Managing Human Resources in Projects

Subject Code – PM0013

Semester: III

Assignment No: 1239

Date of Submission at the Learning Centre: 06/12/2010

ASSIGNMENTS – Set 1

Q.1 Write short notes on
a. McGregor’s theory
b. Maslow’s Theory
c. Precedence diagramming method Staffing Management Plan
d. Dependency determination

McGregor’s Theory

McGregor’s Theory X and Y are appealing to managers and dramatically demonstrate the divergence in management viewpoints toward employees. As such, Theory X and Y have been extremely helpful in promoting management understanding of supervisory styles and employee motivational assumptions.

There are two aspects of McGregor’s Theory:

· X theory

· Y theory

X theory:

1. Employees normally do not like to work and will try to avoid it

2. Since employees do not like working, they have to be coerced, controlled, directed and threatened with punishment to motivate them to work

3. The average employee is lazy, shuns responsibility, is not ambitious, needs direction and principally desires security Y theory:

1. Work is as natural as play and therefore people desire to work

2. Employees are responsible for accomplishing their own work objectives

3. Comparable personal rewards are important for employee commitment to achieve work goals

4. Under favorable conditions, the average employee will seek and accept responsibility

5. Employees can be innovative in solving organizational problems

6. Most organizations utilize only a small proportion of their employees’ abilities

Maslow’s theory:

The focus on human influences in organizations was reflected most noticeably by the integration of Abraham Maslow’s "hierarchy of human needs" into organization theory.

Maslow’s theories have two important implications for organization theory:

1. People have different needs and are therefore motivated by different incentives to achieve organizational objectives

2. People’s needs change predictably over time, which means that – new needs arise as the needs of people lower in the hierarchy are met

The various levels of Maslow’s theory are:

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The precedence diagramming method

(Which is also known by the three letter anagram PDF) refers to a specific project management technique in which the project management team and or the project management team leader employs a schedule network diagramming technique in order to graphically represent any known and preexisting schedule activities via the use of boxes (which can also be referred to as nodes). Once all of these particular schedule activities have been graphically displayed in this box, or node format, at that point all of the individual boxes are linked together via the use of a line which represents any logical relationship (of if there are more than one, logical relationships) that are found to exist. The fundamental and most significant benefit to using the precedence diagramming method format technique is that it quickly and easily allows the project management team and or the project management team leader to view all schedule activities and their relationships with one another.

Q.2 Describe the following conflict resolution styles
a. Avoidant Approach
b. Accommodating Approach
c. Consensus Approach
d. Collaborative Approach

Ans:

Avoidant:

Some people will do anything to avoid a direct confrontation. They agree even though they are opposed to the outcome. This style can not be tolerated on the project team. Each person’s input and opinion must be sought. It is the responsibility of the project manager to make sure that this happens. A simple device is to ask each team member in turn what he or she thinks about the situation and what he or she suggests be done about it. Often this approach will diffuse any direct confrontation between two individuals on...
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