Management is a far-running subject and there are many definitions of management. From my point of view, management is described as a process to get something done in the business environment. It is the person called Manager who gets various jobs done by assign works to people working with him/her. How the Manager can get the things done effectively and efficiently is an important problem that should be researched. Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt (1958, 1973), who argued that the style of leadership is dependent upon the prevailing circumstance, therefore leaders should exercise a range of management styles and deploy them as appropriate. In fact, a management style is an overall method of leadership used by a manager. Managers should be able to understand the concept of management styles which are characteristic ways relating to subordinates in different situations. In this essay, management styles and how they demonstrated in different cultures will be addressed. Also, the factors that affect the formation of such characteristic management styles will also be discussed. The aim of this essay is to provide some suggestions for managers in international companies with regard to the area of management in a foreign culture background.
There are two sharply contrasting styles: Autocratic and Permissive. Furthermore, these two categories are broken down into smaller subsets, which I will not discuss in detail in this essay. Each of the two styles has its own characteristics. “Autocratic” means that Manager makes all decisions unilaterally, while “Permissive” means Manager permits subordinates to take part in decision making and also managers prefer to gives subordinates a considerable degree of autonomy in completing routine work activities. Although it may sound better to conduct a permissive manage style which might stimulate the employees to engage more into their job since they are also invited to take certain responsibility of the company’s fate. However, that’s not always the case. Therefore, in the fast development of economic globalization, how to properly utilize these different management styles according to local situations is a hot topic. Due to the various custom and belief in specific backgrounds, different management styles are required in different parts of the world.
In my opinion, there are three key factors that influence management styles: culture, policy, and custom. How they affect the management styles are illustrated in this paragraph. First of all, culture shapes both the individual and collective behavior in a society. Therefore, there is no doubt that management is closely associated with culture. The management style and culture is closely related to each other. Diversity of cultures determines diversity of management. There are different cultures in different countries, different nationalities, and different societies, which means that there must be different management styles in order to deal with such specific situations. For instance, the two typical different management styles in Japan and the US both built on national cultures. Then, management is also a culture itself. The leading ideologies, management theories and management styles are all important parts of the enterprise culture. Management style varies from cultures. Therefore, it is crucial to study culture first and thereby decide which management style is suitable. Then, different policies and social rules are the other important factors which influence that influences management styles. Economy cannot avoid laws, since any business operations in a country must obey the different policies announced by different countries. Different countries have different law systems and social rules and no matter what management styles should observe the law and rules. Only within the legal framework can a management style be applied. In a word, law system directly influences management styles. For instance, managers...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document