Management Information System

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1. What is the relationship between management information system and information technology? Management Information Systems (MIS) is the study of people, technology, organizations and the relationships among them. MIS professionals help firms realize maximum benefit from investment in personnel, equipment, and business processes. Business intelligence (BI) is collective information about your customers, your competitors, your business partners, your competitors, your business partners, your competitive environment, and your own internal operations that gives you the ability to make effective, important, and often strategic decisions (Haag & Cummings, 2011). Management Information Systems is a broad business function and the study of the use of IT and IT is a set of tools and a resource within management information systems. Management Information Systems (MIS) and Information Technology (IT) are all involves computers and the manipulation of information. Computers are relied upon to handle the massive amounts of information that needs to be disbursed, maintained and managed quickly and efficiently

2. What are some relationships among data, information, business intelligence (BI), and knowledge? Data are raw facts that describe a particular phenomenon such as the current temperature, the price of a movie rental, or your age. Information is data that have a particular meaning within a specific context. Business intelligence is collective information about your customers, your competitors, your business partners, your competitive environment and your own internal operations (Haag & Cummings, 2011). The relationships among data, information, business intelligence (BI), and knowledge are each build on the previous. Data are raw facts, while information is data that has meaning. Business intelligence is collective information that gives you the ability to make strategic business decision. Finally, organizational know-how. The difference, and relationship, between data and information is a common debate. Not only do these two terms have varying definitions, but they are often used interchangeably. Just a few examples include comparing and contrasting data quality with information quality, data management with information management, and data governance with information governance (Harris, 2011).

3. How does the granularity of information change as it moves from lower to upper organizational levels? Organizations must treat information as any other resource or asset. It must be organized, managed, and disseminated effectively for the information to exhibit quality. within an organization, information flows in four basic directions; upward, downward, horizontal, outward/inward (Haag & Cummings, 2011). At the lowers levels, information granularity is very fine because people need tremendous detail to perform their jobs. As information moves up through the organization, it becomes more coarse because people don't need as much detail but rather aggregations of information. Management is the use of people and resources to accomplish organizational objectives. Managers can come in many forms and serve a variety of functions. The roles and responsibilities of what a manager does can differ from organization to organization, but they are typically categorized into three levels: top-level management, middle-level management, and lower-level management (Henry, 1981).

4. What is the difference between a technology literate knowledge worker and an information literate knowledge worker? A technology-literate knowledge worker knows how and when to apply technology (Haag & Cummings, 2011); that is, he/she understands the value and role of technology. An information literate knowledge worker can define what information needed and knows how and where to obtain information. Also it understands the information once it is received (Haag & Cummings, 2011). An information-literate knowledge worker knows all...
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