Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun
4th Prime Minister of Malaysia In office 16 July 1981 – 31 October 2003 Monarch Ahmad Shah Iskandar Azlan Shah Jaafar Salahuddin Mizan Zainal Abidin (Regent) Sirajuddin Musa Hitam Ghafar Baba Anwar Ibrahim Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Hussein Onn Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded by Succeeded by
4th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia In office 5 March 1976 – 16 July 1981 Monarch Yahya Petra Ahmad Shah
Prime Minister Hussein Onn Preceded by Succeeded by Hussein Onn Musa Hitam
21st Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement In office 20 February 2003 – 31 October 2003 Preceded by Thabo Mbeki
Succeeded by Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Member of the Dewan Rakyat In office 25 April 1964 – 10 May 1969 Constituency Kota Setar Selatan
In office 24 August 1974 – 21 March 2004 Constituency Kubang Pasu Personal details Born 10 July 1925 Alor Star, British Malaya (now Malaysia) United Malays National Organisation Siti Hasmah Marina Mirzan Melinda Mokhzani Mukhriz Maizura Mazhar University of Malaya Physician Sunni Islam
Political party Spouse(s) Children
Alma mater Profession Religion Signature
Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad (Jawi: ; ﻣﺤﻀﻴﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪpronounced Malay pronunciation: [maˈhaðɪr bɪn moˈhamad]; born 10 July 1925) is a Malaysian politician who was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia. He held the post for 22 years from 1981 to 2003, making him Malaysia's longest serving Prime Minister. His political career spanned almost 40 years. Born and raised in Alor Setar, Kedah, Mahathir excelled at school and became a medical doctor. He became active in the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Malaysia's largest political party, before entering parliament in 1964. He served one term before losing his seat, before falling out with the then Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman and being expelled from UMNO. When Abdul Rahman resigned, Mahathir re-entered UMNO and parliament, and was promoted to the Cabinet. By 1976, he had risen to Deputy Prime Minister, and in 1981 was sworn in as Prime Minister after the resignation of his predecessor, Hussein Onn. During Mahathir's tenure as Prime Minister, Malaysia experienced rapid modernisation and economic growth, and his government initiated a series of bold infrastructure projects. He was a dominant political figure, winning five consecutive general elections and seeing off all of his rivals for the leadership of UMNO. However, his accumulation of power came at the expense of the independence of the judiciary and the traditional powers and privileges of Malaysia's royalty. He also deployed the controversial Internal Security Act to detain activists, non-mainstream religious figures, and political opponents including his sacked deputy, Anwar Ibrahim. Mahathir's record of curbing civil liberties and his antagonism to western diplomatic interests and economic policy made his relationships with the likes of the US, Britain and Australia difficult. As Prime Minister, he was an advocate of third-world development and a prominent international activist for causes such as the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa and the interests of Bosnians in the 1990s Balkans conflict.
Mahathir Mohamad He remains an active political figure in his retirement, having become a strident critic of his handpicked successor, Abdullah Badawi, and actively supporting Abdullah's replacement by Najib Razak.
Childhood and medical career
Mahathir was born at his parents' home in a poor neighbourhood of Alor Setar, the capital of the state of Kedah, British Malaya, on 10 July 1925. His father was of mixed Malay and Malayali descent; his mother, Wan Tempawan, was Malay. Mahathir's non-Malay ancestry is a feature shared by Malaysia's six prime ministers. But another aspect of Mahathir's birth set him apart from the other five: he was not born into the aristocracy or a...