This essay will discuss the causes and the effects of low literacy in the societies. First, it discusses the economical causes of low literacy which are large population, poverty rates and instable economy. Secondly, it will discuss the political causes which are misuse of funds and corruption and change policy and followed by the social causes. After, it will briefly discuss the effects of the causes and finally it will conclude that low literacy is caused by the economy, politic and social matters which government and NGOs should looked at and stop low literacy in the pacific society.
Today, there are many fundamental issues currently faced with by the communities and societies. Low literacy is one of them. This issue is becoming a challenge in the pacific, that authorities such as the ruling Governments, Non- government organizations and etc should look into and find solution to resolve it. However, it is important to take in consideration the causes and the effects that low literacy presents to the pacific societies. The main causes of low literacy in the pacific are in terms of economy, politics and social causes.
Economically, largely mal population or over populated countries would not be able to provide basic education for all of its citizens due to the fact that resources available does not match the country’s needs. This became a problem and low income earners would not be able to afford basic education thus resulted in low literacy rate especially in the rural communities. Example in the Solomon islands the birth rate is the highest in the south pacific and during the ethnic tension from 1998 all major companies have closed down and all diplomats left the country, as the result the Solomon islands dollar became devalued thus causes some functions within the Government’s machinery un operational and causes parents in rural populace and low income earners find it hard to afford basic needs and school fees for their children.
To add more, as the result of instability in the Economy, some countries have to borrow money from other agencies, such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Kuwait fund etc. Sometimes the borrowing was excessive and causes the country to over dept and cannot afford to pay its dept within the timeframe given and so was penalized. This causes the Government losing sight to some of its functional and key areas including the education, and in order to keep schools operating, school fees are raised to the level where rural and low income earners cannot afford. This unfortunate scenario causes some parents stop sending children to schools thus contributed to low literacy in the some communities.
More over, Poverty is affecting many communities to send children and adult to schools. This has caused low literacy to communities. Many people strive to find money to pay for school fees. Some do street markets such as selling betel nuts although it is against the City Council regulations, they continue as the only means of survival despite of being fined or warned to do so by the City council Law enforcement Authority. Other reasons are that low literacy affects those who have broken families and are affected or traumatized, they are not well looked after and fed they went to school without a breakfast and lacks concentration they are unhealthy both physically and mentally.
In addition, another contributing factor that causes low literacy in the pacific was due to Political impacts or interference. Example change in educational policies causes impact in the educational system of the country. The changes does not fully explained to the communities well in advance before the change came about or it was not accepted by the communities, more so people were confused of the policy change as the result literacy became an impact in the communities. In Solomon Island for example, the free education policy has affect some people. This is because they send their children to some...