Literature Review

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Literature Review: Designing Effective Instruction (4th Ed.) by Gary R. Morrison, Steven M. Ross, & Jerrold E. Kemp List of Exhibits

1.2Instructional Design
1.3Summary of Review
1.4Journal Article Critique


According to Grubb & Cox (2005) there are four critical elements that influence the learning environment. These elements are students’ needs, instructor approach, course content, and institutional setting. These four elements are needed in order to help students adapt and learn course material. By knowing the students’ academic and behavioral needs will help the instructor to know what teaching method to use. The assessment scores of a student also help organize the course content and the institutional setting. All four of those elements will help the academic committee construct developmental activities to foster the students' need. Without some mechanism to coordinate all developmental courses and activities, there is no reason to think that developmental curricula and related activities will be aligned (Grubb & Cox, 2005). Collaborate work with the institution, student, and other outside learning support will help facilitate a productive pedagogical alignment in the developmental classroom. This will also help instructors design effective instruction.

Instructional designers often use instructional design as a process, instructional design as a discipline, instructional design as a science, instructional design as reality, instructional system, instructional technology, and instructional development systems as a method for developing instruction. In the Instructional Design as a Process Instructional Design is described as the philosophy, methodology, and approach used to deliver information. Instructional design, also known as instructional systems design, is the analysis of learning needs and systematic development of instruction. Instructional design is a process that we follow when we...
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