“Good teaching is a skillful blend of artistic and scientific elements. Teaching as an art involves beliefs, emotions, values and flexibility, while teaching as a science utilizes instructional practices that are proven by research to improve student achievement” (Snowman and Biehler, 2006). According to (Peters, R.) teaching can involve formal methods of instruction as well as informal ways of organizing things so that children will be led to discover things for themselves. According to (Manning, H. 2003, p. 11) “A teacher is the one to impart knowledge to students in different ways to assist learning.” Teaching factors are considered if something must be accomplished. It is practically stating that teaching is what is being taught, who is being taught, by whom it is being taught and to how many individuals on a daily basis. The act of teaching is accomplished by preparation of the designated teacher. The teacher therefore must be thoroughly educated. The teaching profession can be said to be partly an art as well as a science. Art and science may appear to be vastly dissimilar; however, under close scrutiny we can see that they are actually quite the same. In the Thorndike-Barnhart dictionary, art is defined as “3. Branch of learning that depends more on special practice than on general principles.” (p. 76). The Dictionary of Psychology defines science as “1. An organized and systematic body of knowledge.”(p. 472). The art of teaching is presentational as well as improvisational. The lesson should be planned and scripted, but the script must allow for the unexpected teachable moment. It is important to be receptive to feedback. An effective teacher develops the art of reading their students and measuring comprehension. The text The Art and Science of Teaching describes a teacher as “an artist whose medium of expression of the spontaneous, unrehearsed and creative encounter between teacher and student.”(Parkay and Stanford p. 115). The art of teaching allows the teacher to be altered by the dynamics of the classroom. The teacher will gain new perspectives and learn as well. The artistic element of teaching incorporates the teacher’s beliefs, emotions, values as well as their flexible nature. It is very important to recognize and state that what a teacher believes will influence their teaching behaviors. Each individual teacher contains the power to make or break the syllabus. The teacher helps shape the curriculum according to their beliefs; they operate their classrooms in accordance with their own particular definitions of teaching and learning according to Ross, F (1992). The importance of a teacher’s belief is that their development and refinement is one of the goals of teachers. It is important that teachers transform their beliefs in achieving and accomplishing good academic results from students by gearing toward greater cultural competence, through given assignments, working alongside the students as team members or through cultural and linguistic diversity.
Good teachers with high beliefs seek to ignite in their students an enthusiasm for learning through good demonstration of example and leadership. If teachers are faced with current issues or changes their belief pattern maybe questioned by themselves, or their established practices they have rendered towards an individual. Teachers’ beliefs strongly influence students’ development. A statement made in society today is that teachers should examine their beliefs as their belief not only affects how people behave but what they perceive in their learning environment.
Values cannot be taught by a teacher or any other individual as they would teach other parts of the school curriculum but good teachers can help develop in their students value through their teaching behavior and role model. It is essential for teachers to nurture in their students positive values so as to culture valuable citizens for the future. According to (Richard, 2003) a good teacher of...
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