- MASTER OF ARTS IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS -
- LITERATURE REVIEW-
Attitudes and motivations that influence the selection of organic food among consumers
Supervisor : M. Bloom
Market development and cultural factors.
Culture influences the food choice.
The level of development of the country market influences organic food choice
A cross- national study of Danish and New-Zealand organic consumers.
The moderators of consumption depend on the market development
The attitudes that influence consumer
Attitudes and the Theory of Planned Behaviour
The Theory of Planned Behaviour and consumers ethics
The TPB in the context of organic food consumption
The importance of subjective norms as antecedents of values.
The multivariate modelling approach of ethical consumer choice
The relationship between Values and organic consumption
Presentation and meaning of values
Exploring the organic food consumption towards the Schwartz Value Survey
Relationship between personal values, ethical ideology and ethical beliefs
Hunt-Vitell theory of ethics
Findings about the relationship between personal values, ethical beliefs and ethical ideology
Analyzing the organic consumers through their motivation and their socio-demographic factors
What are the main motivations towards organic consumption?
The health motives
The environmentally friendly consumers
The food safety
The taste of the product
The confidence on food industry
The consumers' profiles by countries
A global approach of organics selection by the consumers.
The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ)
Studying the organic consumers in a global context.
Presentation of the research and general results
Discussion and tracks of explanation of the behaviour
Conceptual framework and propositions
The conceptual Framework
Since the last ten years, the fastest growing sector in the food industry has been the organic food. Organic food are certified by labels that ensure that they are produced without pesticides and antibiotics and that they preserve the environment with the use of renewable resources (Organic Produce Export Committee, 2002, cited Lea and Worsley, 2005). In France, the AB label ensures that at least 95% of the production is organic and compels the producers to state clearly the origin and the method of production (CSA Agence Bio, 2006).
In France in 2006, 43% of the population has consumed organic product at least once a month which corresponds to an increase of 6% since 2003. The growth rate of organic consumption is about 10 percent per year since 1999. (CSA Agence Bio,2006). Abroad, the same phenomena occurs, and organic, even if it represented no more than 3% of total food consumption in Europe (Soil Association 2000, cited in Aarset et al. 2004) appears to be real trend that will growth over time. This mainstream has been strengthening by the BSE scandal and the controversy about the genetically modified food effects.
Regarding this postulate, researchers and marketers began to study the organic consumer in the late 90's. It is very important for food providers to understand why the consumers purchase this new kind of food. In our study, we chose to focus on the determination of consumers' profiles as well as their motives to act. Most of the studies we discuss emphasized on the determination of consumers profiles in term of socio-demographic factors related to their attitudes or motivation. But we can wonder if those factors are sufficient in order to give a global understanding of the organics buyers. The research problem is here to define...
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