ECommerce has revolutionized the business world by expanding the marketplace and redefining the traditional organizational structure. Its economic influence has been considerable resulting in implications for politics, society and ethics. The future for eBusiness is bright. It will continue its rapid expansion and may eventually take over from traditional business practices however in today's society, there are very few laws enabling an effective transition. ECommerce is a global concept (Hill, 2003, p12). Society, on the other hand, believes in state sovereignty, patriotism and segregation. Political and social barriers continue to prevent effective online transactions and hinder the potential for growth in eBusiness. Topics involving legal, regulatory, and ethical issues in B2C ebusiness are these: 1. One barrier to effective eCommerce is security. Author and eBusiness practitioner, Paul May (2000, p.35), describes the World Wide Web as being "inherently insecure" and this insecurity is a "fundamental drawback to its use in a commercial setting". The introduction of the Internet has encouraged growth in areas such as commerce and telecommunications however it has also enabled a new type of crime: computer crime. The infrastructure of the Internet and anonymity of its users make it ideal for offences such as money laundering, hijacking system accounts, piracy and computer viruses (Adam, Dogramaci, Gangopadhyay and Yesha, 1999, p.156). Intangible or intellectual property is highly valuable in the New Economy (Hartley, 2002, p. 162) but continual advances in piracy and computer virus technology makes it very difficult to protect. Security Issues: E-Commerce Security also has some main issues. They are interception of data, redirection of data, identification of parties, exploitable program errors, and being the weakest point in security. When administrating a secure e-commerce site, it is important to remember that you are part of a link of systems. If you're security is weak, it may be possible that you are allowing criminals access to information they may not have had access too. This leads to ethical issues where weak security on your system led to dire consequences for other people or companies. Compare security issues over the Internet compared to real-life. Is it right to be protective of information over the Internet when people are not protecting that same information normally? Is it ethical to deliver different punishments to criminals who steal information over the Internet compared to those who steal information personally? (See # 3 on lack of regulations and the need for stricter laws) Moving towards solutions: Methods of Online Security
oHow to Bank Online Securely BankPulse.Com
oHow Encryption Works, PC Magazine
oInternet-Commerce Security , Mark Carroll
oSecure Sockets Layer (SSL), Netscape Communications
oHow SSL Works, Netscape Communications
oDigital Signatures, E-Commerce Webopedia
oMore Bits, More Security, Thom Stark
2. Privacy of information about individuals, accuracy of information, ownership of information and intellectual property and accessibility of information held (see Mason 1986; Turban et al 2000) (See URL: http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:ILtqDpUkgmQJ:www.csulb.edu/web/journals/jecr/issues/20022/paper5.pdf+ethical+barriers+on+operating+a+B2C+ebusiness&hl=en for full article).
3. Ownership and accountability is another issue preventing eCommerce expansion. Currently, the Internet operates as a separate entity, not owned by an individual, company or state (Rowley, 2002, p.25). This independence allows for uninhibited access by every individual with a computer however it also makes accountability virtually impossible. What is socially, politically and ethically acceptable in one country might be illegal in another. For example,...