1. What kind of paper is the National Enquirer?
The National Enquirer is a “supermarket tabloid” (Wikipedia) founded in 1926. All like things in life, National Enquirer has changed and/or improved throughout the years. National Enquirer pays people for their stories or information about a about lawsuits that are published weekly.
2. Was it ethical for the National Enquirer to try to avoid suit in California?
I do believe it was ethical for the National Enquirer to try to avoid suit in California because of the effect test and Marshall knew her “statements were damaging and designed to harm ICM’s business interests and reputation.”
3. Are the defendants subject to suit in California? Why or why not?
“Any exercise of personal jurisdiction over Marshall cannot be a surprise to Marshall or be unfair to her considering the intentional nature and the specific focus of Marshall alleged misconduct.” Because the actions occurred in California this did not affect where the acts were committed. A fair reading ruling was that jurisdiction would lie anywhere where the injured party resides if the tortious act “focused” on the...