BANGABANDHU SHEIKH MUJIBIR RAHMAN
1.The leader behind the independence struggle of Bangladesh was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, a tall man with a bushy moustache. Like Nelson Mandela, he spent most of his prime lifetime in jail as he demanded justice, fair share and democracy for his people. Known as ‘Bangabandhu’, he was the very nucleus of independence movement and it was his towering popularity having super charismatic leadership under whose magnificent shadow Bangali fought and earned a sovereign country in 1971. Short biography: family background
2.Sheikh Mujib was born in Tungipara, a village in Gopalganj District on March 17, 1920. His father Sheikh Lutfur Rahman, was a serestadar, an officer responsible for record-keeping at the Gopalganj civil court. He was the third child in a family of four daughters and two sons. In 1929, Mujib entered into class three at Gopalganj Public School, and two years later, class four at Madaripur Islamia High School.However, Mujib was withdrawn from school in 1934 to undergo eye surgery, and returned to school only after four years, owing to the severity of the surgery and slow recovery. At the age of eighteen, Mujib married Begum Lutfunnesa. She gave birth to their two daughters—Sheikh Hasina and Sheikh Rehana—and three sons—Sheikh Kamal, Sheikh Jamal and Sheikh Russel. Early Political life
3. Mujib became politically active when he joined the All India Muslim Students Federation in 1940. He enrolled at the Islamia College (now Maulana Azad College), a well-respected college affiliated to the University of Calcutta to study law. He joined the Bengal Muslim League in 1943 and grew close to the faction led by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, a leading Bengali Muslim leader. During this period, Mujib worked actively for the separation of the Muslim state of Pakistan and in 1946 he was elected general secretary of the Islamia College Students Union. After obtaining his degree in 1947, Mujib was one of the Muslim politicians working under Suhrawardy during the communal violence that broke out in Calcutta, in 1946. 4.On his return to East Bengal, he enrolled in the University of Dhaka to study law and founded the East Pakistan Muslim Students' League and became one of the most prominent student political leaders in the province. As a student of the Law Department and as an eloquent speaker in three languages, i.e, Urdu, Bengali and English, he protested the imposition of Urdu as the 'only state language of Pakistan' and therefore, he was arrested and was expelled from the Dhaka University in 1948. Mujib also led the Muslim Students League in organising strikes and protests. The sustained protest from students and political activists led to the immediate release of Mujib and the others. 5.Mujib launched his political career, joining with Suhrawardy and Maulana Bhashani in the formation of the Awami Muslim League, the predecessor of the Awami League. Mujib focused on expanding the grassroots organization. In 1953, he was made the party's general secretary, and elected to the East Bengal Legislative Assembly on a United Front coalition ticket in 1954. At the age of 34 he became a minister for agriculture but within 14 days of assumption of power, the elected government was dismissed by then Pakistan's Federal government. Sheikh Mujib again got elected and became the Minister of Commerce and Industry in 1956. When General Ayub Khan suspended the constitution and imposed martial law in 1958, Mujib was arrested for organising resistance and imprisoned till 1961. Following Suhrawardy's death in 1963, Mujib came to head the Awami League. Mujib was one of the key leaders to rally opposition to President Ayub Khan's Basic Democracies plan, the imposition of martial law. 6. In 1966, Mujib proclaimed a 6-point plan at a national conference of opposition political parties at Lahore, in which he demanded self-government and considerable political,...