Extrajudicial Killing in Bangladesh

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Introduction:
Extra judicial killing is one kind of crime. Any peaceful man does not expect extra judicial killing. It cataract the judiciary and the national human rights commission to make sure that human rights are fully imposed ,not least with value allegations of pain and extra judicial killing by law enforcing agencies of Bangladesh. If there is no punishment for such crimes, there is no restriction emanating from the state and such violence becomes authorized, officially or unofficially. In our country extra judicial killing are mainly occurred by Rapid Action Battalion(RAB)and also other law enforcing agencies like; Police, Ansar ,BGB, Coast Guard . Extra judicial killing is also violation of fundamental human rights. One of fundamental rights is to get proper judgment of law. In this assignment I find how extra judicial killings are occurred by law enforcing agencies of Bangladesh.

What is extra judicial killing?
Extra judicial killing is unethical, because every man have to right to proper judgment. Extra judicial is that type of killing before the judgment or during judicial process. “Though there is no legal definition of extra judicial killing, If death is caused by a law enforcement official without following the legal rules or due judicial process, it can be measured extra judicial killing” An extra judicial killing is the killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any judicial proceeding or legal process. Extra judicial punishments are by their nature unlawful, since they bypass the due process of the legal jurisdiction in which they occur. Extrajudicial killings often target leading political, trade union, dissident, religious, and social figures and may be carried out by the state government or other state authorities like the armed forces and police.

History of extra judicial killing in Bangladesh:
From the very begging of Bangladesh’s birth in 1971, different political parties are used their political to impetus the killings by the armed forces and used these forces in “violation of law to consolidate power and maintain control”. The continuous process became more dangerous in the period of BNP led government, after forming government with three smaller parties jamat-e-islami (which won 4.3 percent), jatio party naziur(which won 1.1 percent), islamiokyejote(which won 0.7 percent),in October 2011. After taking power, to fulfill one electionagenda “To fight against crime”and to tackle criticism from people. Then developed thirty thousand personal to fight crime under the name of “Operation Clean-Heart”. Thousands of people were arrested and at least 50 people were reported to be dead under their custody. Due to the failure of the operation, the government then decided to form a elite force group with “a special unit of police with a commando training called the rapid Action Team, or RAT, which is known as Rapid Action Battalion, or RAB.

Law enforcing agencies in Bangladesh:
Law enforcing agency which have their ability to apply their powers restricted in some way are said to operate within a jurisdiction. LEAs will have some form of geographic restriction on their ability to apply their powers. The LEA might be able to apply its powers within a country. In Bangladesh law enforcing agencies are: 1. Bangladesh Police

2. Rapid Action Battalion (RAB)
3. Coast Guard
4. Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB)
5. Ansar
6. Army
7. Forest Guard
8. Village Defense Police (VDP)

Fundamental human rights in Bangladesh constitution:
Extra-judicial killing or killing without the due process of law is a popular term. In the ongoing debate this type of killing mostly by members of law-enforcing agencies is being protested nationally and internationally on grounds of violation of human rights. Among many others such rights are guaranteed both by the constitution and by law. Bangladesh is no exception. Despite this, such unconstitutional and unlawful acts...
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