Leadership and Charismatic Leaders

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Chapter Outline
Personal Meaning Factors That Influence Personal Meaning Charisma Weber’s Conceptualization of Charisma Differentiating Between Charismatic and Noncharismatic Leaders Charismatic Leadership Locus of Charismatic Leadership The Effects of Charismatic Leadership Qualities of Charismatic Leaders How One Acquires Charismatic Qualities Charisma: A Double-Edged Sword Transformational Leadership The Effects of Transformational Leadership Charismatic versus Transformational Leadership Transformational Leader Behaviors and Attributes Transformational versus Transactional Leadership The Transformation Process Stewardship and Servant Leadership The Nature of Stewardship and Servant Leadership Framework for Stewardship Framework for Servant Leadership

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Charismatic and Transformational Leadership

Learning Outcomes
After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Describe personal meaning and how it influences attributions of charismatic qualities. p. 330 2. Briefly explain Max Weber’s conceptualization of charisma. p. 334 3. Describe the behavioral qualities that differentiate charismatic from noncharismatic leaders. p. 335 4. Explain the locus of charismatic leadership. p. 337 5. Discuss the effects of charismatic leadership on followers. p. 338 6. Describe the characteristics that distinguish charismatic from noncharismatic leaders. p. 341 7. Discuss how one can acquire charismatic qualities. p. 344 8. Explain the difference between socialized and personalized charismatic leaders. p. 345 9. Distinguish between charismatic and transformational leadership. p. 349 10. Explain the difference between transformational and transactional leadership. p. 352 11. Explain the four phases of the transformation process. p. 354 12. Explain the basis of stewardship and servant leadership. p. 356 13. Define the following key terms (in order of appearance in the chapter): personal meaning self-belief legacy selflessness spirituality values charisma vision socialized charismatic leader (SCL) personalized charismatic leader (PCL) transformational leadership transactional leadership stewardship servant leadership

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Chapter 9

Charismatic and Transformational Leadership

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Opening Case
In 1986, Oprah Winfrey launched Harpo Productions, Inc. Two years later, in October 1988, television history was made when Harpo Productions announced that it was taking over all production responsibilities for the Oprah Winfrey Show from Capitol Cities/ABC, making Winfrey the first woman in history to own and produce her own talk show. The Oprah Winfrey Show has remained the number one talk show for 22 consecutive seasons. The show is seen by more than 48 million viewers weekly in the United States and airs in more than 120 countries. Oprah has differentiated her show from the rest of daytime talk shows by offering a self-empowering vision of hope and uplift. To capitalize on her name brand, Discovery Communications has formed an alliance with Winfrey to launch a new network that will go by the acronym, “OWN”—-Oprah Winfrey Network—-due to begin airing in 2009. Oprah will be the creative force behind the channel, developing programs on topics familiar to her predominantly female audience.1 Her popular magazine, O, sold an average of 2.4 million copies per month in 2007. Her Book Club can turn any title into a best seller. She has a satellite show, “Oprah & Friends,” on XM Satellite Radio. When it comes to popularity of celebrities, Oprah tops the list in name recognition and likeability. When people are asked whether they believe she is “an influence in today’s world,” she beats everyone else on the list. She is unmatched as a celebrity spokesperson. In an AP poll taken in 2006, Oprah was selected the best celebrity role model of the year.2 From her humble beginnings in rural Mississippi, Oprah is not only America’s richest celebrity, she is also one of the most charitable. In 1987, she created the Oprah Winfrey Foundation...
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