Late Roman and Medieval

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Michael Scott

Late Roman & Medieval Humanities

4/19/2012

Essay 4, Topic 6

India & China

India and China are amazing places. Both are filled with great religious beliefs, fantastic architecture, and great literature/music. India's country is filled with Hinduism, while China is influenced with Buddhism. One great Indian architecture structure is the Kandrariya Mahadeo temple, and one great Chinese architecture structure is the Nanchan Monastery. The way that chinese architecture is made is amazing. Some literature from India is the Mahabharata and the Ramayan, also their system of music is interesting. Chinese literature reflected a lot of other cultures, and their music was really instrumental like. India is heavily influenced with Hinduism. The textbook Humanistic Tradition 2 says that “ Hinduism teaches that all individual aspects of being belong to the same divine substance: the impersonal, all-pervading Absolute Spirit known as Brahman” (pg 146). They believe in multiple gods. Most likely the gods, to Hindu's, are reincarnation of Brahman. They also believe that avatars or incarnations of Brahman can come in many different forms and with many different names. Some forms can be as a certain animal. Hindus practice the religion by going to the shrine of the god and praying, also bringing little gifts such as food or flowers. China's religion is influence by Buddhism. As the Tang Era came around “Buddhist monasteries flourished and Buddhist secs proliferated” (Humanistic Tradition 2 pg 155). This era was considered the gold age for Chinese Buddhism. The one that Buddhists follow is obviously Buddha. The chinese buddhists created certain sects that corilated with certain practices and teachings that Buddha taught. A certain one can be meditation. Most famous sect would be the Pure Land sect. The textbook says that “in the Mahayana tradition, this sect emphasixed faith”(pg 154). It was a way of achieving rebirth at the sect. It was said...
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