B.c.e. Roman Period

Topics: Roman Empire, Minoan civilization, Western Roman Empire Pages: 7 (1568 words) Published: April 8, 2013
HUM 2210 Study Guide: Exam 2

Identify the Following Art and Architectual Works
Works of Art aligned to Cultural Periods

Minoan Period
Bull-leaping fresco from the Palace of Minos, Knossos, Crete, ca. 1500 B.C.E. Priestess with Snakes, Minoan, ca. 1600 B.C.E.

Mycenaean Period
Lion Gate, Citadel at Mycenae, c.a. 1500-1300 B.C.E.
Funerary Mask (gold), possibly of Agamemnon, c.a. 1500

Greek: Archaic Period
Funerary Krater with “Geometric” Decoration, c.a. 750 B.C.E. Calf-Bearer, ca. 575-550 B.C.E.
Achilles and Ajax Playing Dice, black-figured amphora, c.a. 530 B.C.E. Death of Sarpedon, red-figure krater, ca. 515 B.C.E.

Greek: Classical Period
Kritios Boy, c.a. 480
Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer), by Polycleitus, 450-440 B.C.E
Zeus, c.a. 460 B.C.E.
Aphrodite of Knidos, by Praxiteles, c.a. 350 B.C.E.
Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, 448-442 B.C.E.
Erechtheus, Praxithea, and Their Three Daughters (from the Parthenon frieze), ca. 440 B.C.E. Erechtheion, Acropolis, Athens, 430-405 B.C.E.
Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens, 427-424 B.C.E.

Hellenistic Period
Head of Alexander, 200 B.C.E. (see p. 125)
Altar of Zeus, c.a. 175 B.C.E.
Apollo Belvedere, c.a. 325 B.C.E.
Nike of Samothrace, c.a. 190 B.C.E.
Lacoön and His Sons (Lacoön Group), c.a. 140 B.C.E.
Venus de Milo, ca. 200 B.C.E.

Roman Period
Augustus of Primaporta, c.a. 20 B.C.E.
Colosseum, Rome, 70-82 C.E.
The Pantheon, 118-125 C.E.
Maisson Carree, Nimes, France, c.a. 19 B.C.E.

Trajan’s Victory Column, Rome, 113 C.E.
Detail from Trajan’s Column, Rome, 113 C.E.
Arch of Titus, Rome, c.a. 81 C.E.
Spoils from the Temple in Jerusalem, Relief from the Arch of Titus, Rome, c.a. 81 C.E. Hadrian Sacrificing to Apollo, ca. 130-138 C.E.
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, c.a. 173 C.E.
Roman Aristocrat holding Portrait Busts of His Ancestors, late first century B.C.E. Atrium, House of the Silver Wedding, Pompeii, Italy, first century C.E. Isis Lactans (Isis and Horus Enthroned), fourth century C.E.

Early Christian Period
The Good Shepherd, mosaic, Ravena, Italy, c.a. 425-450 C.E.
The Good Shepherd, ca. 300, marble, Rome
Christ as Good Shepherd, fresco, catacombs, mid-fourth century C.E. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359 C.E.
Portrait Group of the Tetrarchs, ca. 305 C.E.
Constantine Addressing the People, ca. 312-315 C.E.
St. Paul’s Outside the Walls, Rome, begun 386 C.E.
Christ Teaching the Apostles in the Heavenly Jerusalem, ca. 401-417 Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, Byzantium (Turkey), 532-537 C.E. San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, 526-547 C.E.
Emperor Justinian and His Courtiers, mosaic, San Vitale, ca. 547 Empress Theodora and Retinue, mosaic, San Vitale, ca. 547
Theotokos (the “Mother of God”) and Child, 6th century
Crucifixion, mosaic in Church of the Dormition, Daphni, Greece, late 11th century (see p. 332)
Christ Pantocrator, mosaic in the central dome, in Church of the Dormition, Daphni, Greece, 1080-1100

* * *

Areas of Knowledge

*What are the major differences between the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures? (see pp. 134-143) *What is the Minoan’s religious symbolism of the annual sacrifice of the bull? (See Minoan ppt.) For example, what is the role of the Goddess’s Consort and his significance to the bull? Give examples of the Consort’s later development without the Goddess, e.g., Dionysus.

*Know Greek and, later, Roman names of the major Greek Gods; also know their realm of activity or significance (pp. 163). *How is the violent invasion of Crete and the destruction of the Minoan culture by the Mycenaeans a subtext of the Zeus & Europa & the Theseus & Minotaur myths. *Know the general story/theme of the Iliad and the importance and moral value of heroic action. *Read the selections from the Iliad and the Odyssey (pp. 145-155) and be able to answer questions about them. Know what Elysium & the Elysian...
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