Health and Social Care
UNIT 5 - UNDERSTAND PERSON-CENTRED APPROACHES IN ADULT SOCIAL CARE SETTINGS ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW In this assignment, you will demonstrate your knowledge of person-centred care and consider how to put this into practice in complex and sensitive situations. You will explore what is meant by the term ‘consent’, define person-centred values, and consider how active participation can be used to best effect. You will consider how risk assessments can support informed choices and examine the factors that contribute to the well being of individuals using the service. TASKS There are four tasks to this assignment. TASK 1 2 3 4 TASK 1 1. Explain what is meant by the term “active participation”. EVIDENCE Short answer questions Awareness raising campaign Reflective account Case studies OUTCOMES 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3
Active participation comes in many forms and means different things to different people. It could be being a member of a club or group or something simple like going shopping. Active participation allows people to feel an active part of their life and their community rather than a passive spectator. It gives people the chance to feel achievement in their lives whether it be passing a test or knitting a jumper. A sense of achievement allows people to build their confidence and self esteem which has a positive effect on their well being.
2. Explain how active participation can support all aspects of an individual’s preferences and needs.
You should always reflect on and celebrate the diversity of the people you are supporting. There are many reasons why individuals think and act the way they do and only by building up comprehensive knowledge about these important things can you help them to fulfil their wishes and needs. You can find out about an individual’s history, preferences, wishes and needs by looking at their Individual Needs Assessment. This will look at a variety of different things depending on the individual being assessed, for example, physical, emotional, social, spiritual, communication, support or care needs. Your role is to make sure you read and work to the requirements of the care or support plan, to record any changes and to report significant changes. You will need to understand the boundaries of your responsibilities regarding the individuals you support. 1
Health and Social Care
3. Explain how to ensure everyone involved in an activity or event such as a review understands how to apply the principles of active participation.
Make everybody aware of the communication needs and preferences of the individual so there are no communication issues. Ensure people involved address the individual directly and ask them questions and give them time to respond and express their thoughts, feelings, opinions, needs wishes and preferences. If conflicts of opinion arise ensure everybody including the individual works together to find a suitable compromise everybody is happy with.
4. Give two ways that a risk assessment can support the right of an individual using the service to take risks and make choices.
They identify the potential benefits and balance these against the potential danger or harm and identify how the danger or harm can be reduced so by doing a risk assessment you are allowing the individual to take part in what they choose but ensuring it is done in the safest way possible. They allow a small element of risk to occur so the individual is able to feel more independent and has more control over what they do, helping to increase self esteem because they are able to take risks as everybody does in everyday life.
5. Explain how the responsibilities of all concerned with the care of an individual can be supported by a risk assessment. Responsibilities are such as helping the individual to live as full a life as possible, to give...
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