Knowledge and Attitude About Testicular Examination

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  • Topic: Testicular cancer, Testicle, Andrology
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ARA Ş TIRM A / ORIGINAL ARTICL E

Gülhane Tıp Derg 2011; 53: 17-25 © Gülhane Askeri Tıp Akademisi 2011

Investigation of the frequency of testicular self examination performance in young adult males Ercan Göçgeldi (*), Necmettin Koçak (**), Serdar Ulus (**), Cenk Yeğiner (**), Şeref Başal (***)

SUMMARY Testicular tumors are the second most frequently observed malignancy after leukemia in the age group of 20-35 in men. The rate of a 5-year survey is 99.9% with early diagnosis. Awareness of the individuals and performing a testicular self examination by themselves are important in the early diagnosis. Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to determine the performance frequency of testicular self examination and the factors affecting this among young adults. Of all the participants, 23.3%, 6.8% and 4.7% declared that they had heard about testicular cancer and about testicular self examination, and that they had performed testicular self examination at least once in their life, respectively. The rates of hearing about and performing testicular self examination were found low in the present study, however these rates were higher among those who had heard of testicular cancer from population. Well planned campaigns and educational organizations may be conducted in the country-wide in order to increase the awareness about testicular cancer and the frequency of testicular self examination. Key words: Soldier, testicular cancer, testicular self-examination, young adult man ÖZET Genç erişkin erkeklerde kendi kendine testis muayenesi yapma sıklığının araştırılması Testis tümörleri 20-35 yaş grubu erkeklerde lösemiden sonra en sık rastlanan 2. malignitedir. Erken tanı ile 5 yıllık yaşam oranı %99.9’dur. Bireylerin farkındalığı ve kendi kendilerine testis muayenesi yapmaları erken tanı için önemlidir. Bu kesitsel çalışmadaki amacımız, genç erişkin erkeklerde kendi kendisine testis muayenesi uygulama düzeyi ve buna etki eden faktörleri saptamaktır. Katılımcıların %23.3’ü testis kanserini duyduklarını, %6.8’i kendi kendisine testis muayenesini duyduklarını, %4.7’si hayatları boyunca en az bir kez kendi kendisine testis muayenesi yaptıklarını belirtmişlerdir. Çalışmamızın yapıldığı popülasyonda kendi kendisine testis muayenesini duyma sıklığı ve kendi kendisine testis muayenesi yapma durumları düşük bulunmuştur, ancak bu oranlar testis kanserini popülasyondan duyanlarda daha yüksek olarak bulunmuştur. Testis kanserinin farkındalığının ve kendi kendisine testis muayenesinin sıklığının artırılması için ülke genelinde iyi planlanmış kampanyalar ve eğitim organizasyonları düzenlenebilir. Anahtar kelimeler: Asker, testis kanseri, kendi kendine testis muayenesi, genç erişkin erkek

* Department of Plan and Programming, Commandership of Health, Turkish Military Forces ** Department of Public Health, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty *** Department of Urology, Gulhane Military Medical Faculty This study was presented at the 12th National Congress of Public Health (Ankara, October 21-25, 2008) Reprint request: Dr. Ercan Göçgeldi, Department of Plan and Programming, Commandership of Health, Turkish Military Forces, Bakanlıklar, Ankara, Turkey E-mail: drnkocak@gmail.com Date submitted: July 15, 2010 • Date accepted: November 01, 2010

Introduction Testicular cancer is one of the health problems, frequency of which continuously increases. Testicular tumors are the second most frequent malignancy after leukemia in males at the age group of 20-35 (1). The incidence of testicular cancer shows variations between countries, races and socio-economic classes. The rate is 6.7% and 0.8 in Scandinavian countries and Japan, respectively. In the USA 2-3 new cases are reported per 100.000 males per year (2). The risk of a development of testicular cancer in white males in the USA during the whole life is at a level of 0.2%. The incidence in people of higher socio-economic classes is half of the lower socio-economic classes (2). Although the reason...
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