Kenya Institute of Professional Counselling

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Introduction
There is increase in issues relating g to the abuse of children in our societies. Due to this unfolding, the role of the government of Australia in formulating policies that will protect the child has also increased. Child abuse and its problems have a very great impact on all corners of the society including recreation and sporting activities. However, it was just recent that this government concern was translated into programs that are systematic and structured to help in alleviating this problem for the society. According to McIntosh (2002), a lot of articles and documents have been written regarding to neglect and child abuse and the actions that ought to be taken to stop this habit before it gets out of hand.   The wood royal commission In NSW led to the sensitization of the community on how the issue of child sexual abuse has become rampant in the society. In addition to this, the need for coming up with a development and implementation strategy to make sure that the children are protected from situations that ay be abusive was highlighted. The children's protection is a responsibility that should be treated with the seriousness it deserves. The strategies put in place are geared towards ensuring that the children are protected and ensuring that child abuse is prevented and alleviated from the society (Holzer & Lamont, 2009). Sexual Abuse among the Children in NSW

The strategies enacted will ensure that guidelines are enforced to present the children with a safe and an environment that is safe. In addition tot his; the community service providers are presented with essential risk management tools that can be beneficial in developing and organizing preventive strategies and how to manage the issues of child abuse effectively. Despite there being differences in the way matters are addressed in the eight different jurisdictions of Australia, the understanding of what child abuse is consistent in all the states (Cossins, 2000).   Child abuse has been divided into four main categories, sexual abuse, physical abuse emotional abuse and neglect.  The police is bestowed with the mandated of ensuring that the rights of the children are respected. In addition to this, there are clear guidelines that have been put into place to ensure that any crime that is related to the abuse of children is adhered to when investigating them.  Similarly to investigating, there are various procedures and steps that should be followed in bring the people who have committed these offences to justice. The state and its territorial governments in Australia are liable to administer and carry out operations related to child protection. There are a number of legislatives that are present in each state and territory which are supposed to govern how these essential services are offered. In New South Wales, the children and young persons act of 1998 is employed in offering protection to the children. In addition to this, there are other acts that are considered relevant as far as child sexual abuse is concerned. These are Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Amendment (Parental Responsibility Contracts) Act 2006 (NSW), The Ombudsman Act 1974 (NSW), Commission for Children and Young People Act 1998 (NSW) and the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth). The legislations that have been enacted by New South Wales are structured in a way that the best interests of the children are put at heart and addressed by all the responsible institutions. The legislations ensures that matters concerning the children are given the serious address that they deserve, this is by involving the children  and young persons to make decisions in matter that affect them. The children and the young people in Australian jurisdictions are supposed to be consulted when dealing with issues that will affect them in one way or the other (NSW police force. 2011). Being a signatory to the United Nations, Australia embeds most of the conventions present in the UN conventions...
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