Kargil War 1999

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Kargil War
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Kargil War|
Part of the Indo-Pakistani Wars|

An Indian Bofors 155 mm howitzer field gun being repositioned during the war.| Date| May-July 1999|
Location| Kargil district, Kashmir|
Result| Indian Victory as India retook Pakistani occupied ridges. Pakistan withdrew from Indian-controlled Kashmir to pre-war Line of Control.| Territorial
changes| Status quo ante bellum|

Mujahideen, Foreign volunteers|
Ved Prakash Malik| Pervez Musharraf|
30,000| 5,000|
Casualties and losses|
Indian Official Figures:
527 killed,[1][2][3]
1,363 wounded[4]
1 POW| Pakistani Estimates:
357-4,000 killed[5][6] (Pakistan troops)
665+ soldiers wounded[5]8 POW.[7]|

[show]  Kargil War|
| |
Battle of Tiger Hill · Battle of Tololing · Operation Safed Sagar · Operation Talwar · Operation Vijay ·|

[show]  Indo-Pakistani wars
and conflicts|
| |
Kashmir conflict · 1947 War · 1965 War · 1971 War · Siachen · Operation Brasstacks · Operation Rakshak · Kargil War · Atlantique Incident · Operation Parakram|
The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict,(I) was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control. The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the Line of Control (LOC),[8] which serves as the de facto border between the two states. During the initial stages of the war, Pakistan blamed the fighting entirely on independent Kashmiri insurgents, but documents left behind by casualties and later statements by Pakistan's Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff showed involvement of Pakistani paramilitary forces,[9][10][11] led by General Ashraf Rashid.[12] The Indian Army, later on supported by the Indian Air Force, recaptured a majority of the positions on the Indian side of the LoC infiltrated by the Pakistani troops and militants. With international diplomatic opposition, the Pakistani forces were forced to withdraw from Indian positions along the LOC. The war is one of the most recent examples of high altitude warfare in mountainous terrain, which posed significant logistical problems for the combating sides. This was only the second direct ground war between any two countries after they had developed nuclear weapons, after the Sino-Soviet border conflict of 1969; it is also the most recent. (India and Pakistan both test-detonated fission devices in May 1998, though the first Indian nuclear test was conducted in 1974.) The conflict led to heightened tension between the two nations and increased defence spending by India.[citation needed] Contents[hide] * 1 Location * 2 Background * 3 War progress * 3.1 Occupation by Pakistan * 3.2 India discovers infiltration and mobilizes * 3.3 India attacks Pakistani Positions * 3.4 Withdrawal and final battles * 4 World opinion * 5 Gallantry Awards * 6 Impact and influence of media * 7 WMDs and the nuclear factor * 8 Aftermath * 8.1 India * 8.2 Kargil Review Committee * 8.3 Pakistan * 9 Casualties * 10 Kargil War in the arts * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 Further reading * 14 External links| Location

Location of the conflict
Before the Partition of India in 1947, Kargil was part of the Baltistan district of Ladakh, a sparsely populated region with diverse linguistic, ethnic and religious groups, living in isolated valleys separated by some of the world's highest mountains. The First Kashmir War (1947–48) concluded with the Line of Control (LOC) bisecting the Baltistan district, with the town and district of Kargil lying on the Indian side in the Ladakh subdivision of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.[13] After Pakistan's...
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