Yom Kippur War

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Yom Kippur War/October War
Part of the Arab-Israeli conflict
Date October 6 – October 26, 1973
Location Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, and surrounding regions of the Middle East Result UNSCR 338: cease-fire leading to Geneva Conference.

Belligerents
Israel Egypt
Syria
Iraq

Commanders
Moshe Dayan
David Elazar
Ariel Sharon
Shmuel Gonen
Benjamin Peled
Israel Tal
Rehavam Zeevi
Aharon Yariv
Yitzhak Hofi
Rafael Eitan
Abraham Adan
Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly
Mustafa Tlass[1]
General Shakkour [1]
Naji Jamil [1]

Hafez al-Assad
Ahmad Ismail Ali
Hosni Mubarak
Mohammed Aly Fahmy
Anwar Sadat
Abdel Ghani el-Gammasy
Abdul Munim Wassel
Abd-Al-Minaam Khaleel
Abu Zikry

Strength
415,000 troops,
1,500 tanks,
3,000 armored carriers,
945 artillery units,[2]
561 airplanes,
84 helicopters,
38 Navy vessels[3] Egypt: 800,000 troops (300,000 deployed, 80,000 crossed), 2,400 tanks (800 crossed), 2,400 armored carriers, 1,120 artillery units,[2] 690 airplanes (220 crossed, about 60 participated in the Mansourah battle), 161 helicopters, 104 Navy vessels, Syria: 150,000 troops (60,000 deployed), 1,400 tanks, 800–900 armored carriers, 600 artillery units,[2] 350 airplanes, 36 helicopters, 21 Navy vessels, Iraq: 60,000 troops, 700 tanks, 500 armored carriers, 200 artillery units,[2] 73 airplanes,[3]

Casualties and losses
2,656 killed
7,250 wounded
More than 340 captured
400 tanks destroyed
600 tanks damaged/returned to service
unknown number of tanks captured
102 planes destroyed[4] 8,528* – 15,000** dead
19,540* – 35,000** wounded
2,250 tanks destroyed or captured
432 planes destroyed[4]
* Western analysis
** Israeli analysis
[show]v • d • eYom Kippur War
Hizayon – Abiray-Lev – Ofira - Latakia
Related U.S. Operation: Nickel Grass
[show]v • d • eArab-Israeli conflict
Riots (1920) – Jaffa riots (1921) – Riots (1929) – Arab revolt (1936–1939) – Civil War (1947-1948) – Arab-Israeli War (1948–1949) – Suez Crisis (1956) – Six-Day War (1967) – War of Attrition (1968–1970) – Yom Kippur War (1973) – South Lebanon conflict (1978) – Lebanon War (1982) – South Lebanon conflict (1982–2000) – First Intifada (1987–1991) – Gulf War (1990–1991) – Second Intifada (2000–ongoing) – Lebanon War (2006) The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (Hebrew: מלחמת יום הכיפורים‎; transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום כיפור, Milkhemet Yom Kipur; Arabic: حرب أكتوبر‎; transliterated: ħarb October or حرب تشرين, ħarb Tishrin), also known as the 1973 Arab-Israeli War and the Fourth Arab-Israeli War, was fought from October 6 to October 26, 1973 by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel. The war began with a surprise joint attack by Egypt and Syria on the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. Egypt and Syria crossed the cease-fire lines in the Sinai and Golan Heights, respectively, which had been captured by Israel in 1967 during the Six-Day War.[5]

The Egyptians and Syrians advanced during the first 24–48 hours, after which momentum began to swing in Israel's favor. By the second week of the war, the Syrians had been pushed entirely out of the Golan Heights. In the Sinai to the south, the Israelis struck at the "seam" between two invading Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal (where the old ceasefire line had been), and cut off the Egyptian Third Army just as a United Nations cease-fire came into effect.

The war had far-reaching implications for many nations. The Arab World, which had been humiliated by the lopsided defeat of the Egyptian-Syrian-Jordanian alliance during the Six-Day War, felt psychologically vindicated by its string of victories early in the conflict, despite the endstate. This vindication paved the way for the peace process that followed, as well as liberalizations such as Egypt's infitah policy. The Camp David Accords, which came...
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