The purpose of this assignment is to discuss and evaluate the movie, Juno using the Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory. The ecological theory refers to the process of interaction between the systems and within through a bi-directional influences. It consists of four levels of systems – Micro, Meso, Exo and Macro.
In this movie, Juno, it features a junior teen confronted by an unplanned pregnancy by her classmate, Paulie Bleeker. With the help of her close friend, Leah, she found a pair of ‘perfect’ adoptive couple for her unborn child – Mark and Vanessa Lorings from the penny saver advertisement. Juno has the full support of her parents as she embarked on the journey of adulthood, in search of her identity and making tough decisions that would affect her development. The overview of this essay would conclude with the implications for practice as health professional.
This is the innermost layer of the ecosystem that focuses on individual immediate setting and the interactions between family, school, peers and neighbourhood. In Baumrid’s parenting styles, Juno parents portraits the authoritative parenting style towards Juno’s upbringing. They show concern, willingness to listen to the child and show support in response to constructive behaviour. This is further evidence in the movie when Juno confess and tell them the truth of her pregnancy and found a solution to it whereby she has decided to put up for adoption. Her step mum, Bren gets her a list to do such as pre natal vitamins and schedule doctor’s appointment. Juno’s father shows his support by following Juno to meet the adoption couple.
In the opening of the movie, Juno was a nobody whereby no one notices her presence as she blend into the crowd and walks through the hallway. Even the jocks made fun of her. This idea of self-esteem is backed up from this scene in the movie: During her pregnancy stage, when walking down the same hallway – people open up a path for her, staring and commenting about her tummy.
Family and friend support is very important during the period of pregnancy. During the pregnancy, the mother would be experiencing intense fear, anxieties, emotional rides which would cause some physiological changes that affect the foetus. Juno close friend, Leah and Step mum, Bren accompanies her to the ultrasound procedure. Such act demonstrates assurance and conformity.
In the mesosystem, it provides a linkage to the microsystem and communicates with other social institutions in other levels such as relation of parents interacting with school. In South Australia, there is an organization set up for anyone who needs support, decision-making and counselling in sexual health. SHine SA that stands for (Sexual Health) Information networking and education SA. The government, health, education, community agencies and community support it. Public can make their enquires through their toll free health line and email.
Cited in the movie were 2 organizations that deals with unplanned pregnancy - Haven Brook that requires parental consent and Women Now advertise in the newspaper. The latter choice is more popular with teens as it does not require parental consent.
Prevention strategies of teenage pregnancy are taught in school. For example, condom application as shown in the movie. However, it is inadequate as it does not comprise refusal skills and the knowledge of effective sexual responsibilities and behaviours. When Juno approach Bleeker before his daily morning run and announce she is pregnant, Bleeker quote: “Do whatever you think, you should do.”
It is the third level of Bronfenbrenner’s model, it does not influence the child on the larger social system but it has an indirect impact on its surrounding environment. In the theory of loss and Worden’s four tasks of mourning, the one best describe Juno was to emotionally relocate the lost person and move on with life. Juno prioritize...