THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Teachers play a vital role in building a nation. They are arguably one of the most important groups of professionals for our nation’s future. It is disturbing to find out that many of today’s unsung heroes like teachers are dissatisfied with their jobs. Ask anyone in the street how to motivate teachers and they will blatantly answer to increase their salaries. Ask what factors might have created dissatisfaction among teachers and probably they will enumerate factors like behavior of students, class size, curriculum, and the government policies in education. According to Herzberg Motivation-Hygiene Theory, the factors causing satisfaction are different from those causing dissatisfaction, the two feelings cannot simply be treated as opposites of one another. The opposite of satisfaction is not dissatisfaction, but rather, no satisfaction. Similarly, the opposite of dissatisfaction is nodissatisfaction. While at first glance this distinction between the two opposites may sound like a play on words, Herzberg argued that there are two distinct human needs portrayed. First, there are physiological needs that can be fulfilled by money, for example, to purchase food and shelter. Second, there is the psychological need to achieve and grow, and this need is fulfilled by activities that cause one to grow.
Many factors have been examined in an attempt to find which one promotes motivation. In the study conducted by Poling (1990), he pointed out that Pay incentives have been found to be unsuccessful in increasing motivation. In a similar study, Castillo and Cano (1999), concluded that teachers motivation is based on their freedom to try new ideas, achievements and intrinsic work elements. Whereas, schemes such as merit pay were predicted to be counterproductive. They explained that true job satisfaction is derived from the gratification of higher order needs than lower order needs. Educators’ decision to leave and remain in the teaching profession is associated with his level of motivation and job satisfaction. The elusive nature of job satisfaction construct advanced the measurement and theoretical development to job satisfaction (Castillo, 199). Job satisfaction is an intangible notion that has been increasingly challenged and refined since the Herzberg, Mauser and Snyderman study in 1959. Although, the foundation of job satisfaction and job motivation was introduced by Maslow in his hierarchy of needs. Maslow (1954) asserts that human motives emerge sequentially to satisfy the following needs: physiological, safety, social, self-esteem and self-actualization. Individual need satisfaction is influenced by both the importance attached to the various needs and the degree to which each individual fulfil each needs. A teaching profession is the one of the most important profession at all. Teachers devote a lot of their energy, time and interest to educate new generations. Like any other professions, teaching has some specific particularity and pitfalls. In this study, I looked into the motivating and hygiene factors that affect the performance of the faculty of Universidad de Manila. There is a need to conduct this study because Faculty members are the frontrunners of the nation’s future generations. It is quite disturbing to know that there are certain factors that affect the job performance of the faculty members based on the evaluation conducted by the Faculty and Employees Performance Evaluation Office of Universidad De Manila The topic was chosen to determine the factors, both motivating and hygiene that pleases and displeases the faculty members of Universidad De Manila. And identify those factors that affect in the job performance of the faculty members. The purpose of this study is to properly identify the motivating and hygiene factors in relation to the job performance of the faculty members, which will be beneficial for the organization in enriching and improving...