1. Which of the following is not part of “the Psychological Triad?” A) behavior
*C) mental health
2.Personality psychology shares with clinical psychology
A) an emphasis on mental health and the treatment of psychological problems. *B) a common obligation to try to understand the whole person. C) a requirement that both personality psychologists and clinical psychologists be licensed. D) the fact that both personality psychologists and clinical psychologists are usually in private practice rather than universities.
3.Personality psychology and clinical psychology overlap most often when approaching ________. A) personality processes
*B) personality disorders
C) personality development
D) None of the above.
4.Which of the following statements is FALSE?
A) Personality psychology is where the rest of psychology comes together. *B) Personality psychology addresses questions that are entirely separate from the rest of psychology. C) Personality psychology draws heavily from social, cognitive, developmental, and biological psychology. D) Personality psychology is allied closely with clinical psychology.
5.Personality is an individual’s characteristic patterns of A) behavior.
*D) All of the above.
6.The unique mandate of personality psychologists is to attempt A) to identify and measure individual differences in ability and behavior. B) to determine the effect of the social environment on behavior. *C) to explain whole, functioning persons in their social context. D) to prevent or treat psychological personality disorders.
7.In observing human behavior, it is impossible
*A) to understand everything about a person all at once.
B) to choose to limit what you look at in a person.
C) to find patterns across different kinds of observation. D) to make any real progress towards solving the personality puzzle.
8.The purpose of a basic approach (or paradigm) is
A) to expand the range of data you consider.
B) to integrate diverse perspectives.
*C) to limit an approach to certain kinds of observations and patterns. D) to resolve contradictions in data.
9.Which of the following is NOT one of the basic approaches to personality? A) psychoanalytic
10.Personality psychologists who adhere to the ________ approach focus on identifying, conceptualizing, and measuring the ways in which people differ psychologically from one another. A) psychoanalytic
11.Personality psychologists adhering to the ________ approach focus on psychic energy, the workings of the unconscious mind, and the nature and resolution of internal mental conflict. * A) psychoanalytic
12.Psychologists following the phenomenological approach ________. A) focus on the workings of the unconscious mind and the resolution of internal mental conflict B) study how overt behavior is affected by rewards and punishments C) build theoretical models of how people process information * D) are concerned with our conscious experience of the world and the consequences of having free will
13.What two topics are covered under the phenomenological approach? * A) humanistic and cross-cultural perspectives on personality B) humanistic and social-learning perspectives on personality C) cross-cultural and cognitive perspectives on personality D) trait and cross-cultural perspectives on personality
14.The personality paradigm that focuses on rewards and punishments is known as the ________ paradigm. A) trait
15.What types of things would a classical behaviorist examine? *A) rewards and punishments
B) drives and impulses
C) the self and certain attitudes
________ theories of personality apply the insights and methods...
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