Introduction to Law

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Introduction to Law

I.BASIC CONCEPTS............................................................................................................... 3

1.WHAT IS LAW?......................................................................................................................... 3 Do' s and DonÆts .................................................................................................................. 3 Is and Ought......................................................................................................................... 3 Right and Wrong.................................................................................................................. 3 A lawyer's description.......................................................................................................... 4

2.GENERALITY - WHY STUDY LAW?............................................................................................... 4

3.THE LEGAL SYSTEM..................................................................................................................4 Public Law - Private Law.....................................................................................................4 Substantial Law - Adjective Law......................................................................................... 5 Mandatory - non-mandatory/permissive rules..................................................................... 5

4.HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRIVATE LAW............................................................................... 5 Roman Law ......................................................................................................................... 5 Private Law in Western Europe............................................................................................5 The development of Civil Procedure....................................................................................6 Private Law in England........................................................................................................ 6 Trends in the 20th Century...................................................................................................7

5.SOURCES OF LAW......................................................................................................................8 International public law........................................................................................................8 Acts of Parliament û The constitution and statutes.............................................................. 8 Regulations..........................................................................................................................9 CourtÆs Decisions and Rulings............................................................................................. 9 Academic writing................................................................................................................. 9 Hierarchy of Norms..............................................................................................................9

6.IMPORTANT CONCEPTS............................................................................................................. 10 Legal Subjects: Natural Persons - Legal Persons...............................................................10 Legal Objects .....................................................................................................................10 Time...................................................................................................................................10 Absolute û Relative Rights.................................................................................................10

7.WORKING WITH RULES: "IF ... , THEN...." - CIVIL LAW SYSTEMS.................................................. 11 Subsumption û Applying the...
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