Hammurabi Code

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Table of Contents:

I. Introduction:
1.1 Who is Hammurabi?……...…….……………………………………..…2 & 3 1.2 Where did he live? ……...……………………………………………….3 & 4 1.3 The beginning of the Code…………………………………………….….4 & 5

II. Cultural Analysis:
2.1 Social Layers…………..……………..…………………………………5 & 6 & 7 2.2 Existed Laws .............................…………………………………………...7 2.3 Different Cultures….………………………………………………………..8

III. Explanation of the Laws:
3.1 Examples of Laws……………………..………………………………9& 10 & 11

IV. Brief Comparisons:
4.1 Hammurabi Vs. Judaism.…………..………………………….…………..….12 4.2 Hammurabi Vs. Christianity…..…….………..…………...…………………..13 4.3 Hammurabi Vs. Democracy (U.S.A.)………………………………………...14 4.4.Hammurabi Vs. Islam Sharia'ah (K.S.A)…..…………………………………15

V. Critical Thinking Questions:
5.1 Questions…………………………………………………………………....16

VI. Conclusion: ……………………………………………………………………17
VII. REFERENCES:……………………………………………………………….18
Purpose of Report:

The report is a minor project for the course of International Business Law (ILB 302) which involves legal management topics and international laws topics. Initially, a brief introduction about the topic "Hammurabi Code" in mainly three sections (Who, where, and when). Then, the report will further analyze the Laws of Hammurabi. After that, the report will compare the laws with some existed systems back then. Then, a comparison between some of Hammurabi laws with the legal systems nowadays. Finally, the report will answer questions about what these laws did to the society, and how functional it will be if implemented into today's society. Moreover, to explain critically how fair or unfair these laws were to the people.

I. INTRODUCTION

1.1History:
Who is Hammurabi?
In the 18th century before Christ (1700-1799 B.C.), lived a king called "Hammurabi" who was the ruler of all Babylon back in that period. Hammurabi believed that the gods of Heaven and Earth and the gods of righteousness chose him to be the enforcer of the law upon the people of his kingdom. Hammurabi's kingdom was called Babylon near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This kingdom was a part of a greater unification called "Mesopotamia" and the place is known now as Iraq and Iran combined with the area surrounding the two countries.

Hammurabi was the sixth king to rule Babylon, and he took it upon himself to bring justice and peace to his people. Thus, Hammurabi wanted to rule his kingdom easily without encountering many social conflicts among his society. So, he has written certain laws and engraved these laws into an enormous tomb stone. The purpose of engraving the laws was to show the people of his kingdom that it is not to be broken or misbelieved. The tomb stone however, disappeared through time until archeologists found the stone in 1901 A.C. The archeologists counted the laws and they found out that they were 28 paragraphs divided to 282 laws, most of the clauses touched what we know now as "criminal law", some of the laws included legal aspects, and some included common law. Now, Archeologists call these laws as "Hammurabi Code". Unfortunately, the 13th and 66-99th sections were missing on that stone due to natural forces.

1.2 Where did he live?

The time of Hammurabi was in the middle chronology before Christ in Babylon. His kingdom was a civilization among several others around the region which was called Mesopotamia. From the north, there was Assyria sharing the border with Babylon, and they ruled by the Assyrian law. From the south-east, Sumeria shared the borders and they ruled with the Lipit-Ishtar law. Persia on the other hand was directly at the eastern border with Babylon. From the Western area there was a country called Phoenicia. From the south-west, Israel and Judah lived there and they ruled by the Mosaic Law (a.k.a. Torah, Judaism). Of course, these cultures and civilizations affected each other and influenced one another...
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