Internship Report

Topics: Sampling, Stratified sampling, Scientific method Pages: 5 (859 words) Published: November 26, 2012
CREDITS:3 = 45 hrs (30 Theory + 15 TP)
CLASS:RDA 4th Yr, Aug 2012
VENUE:Rubilizi Campus,
PhD (IWRM), UDSM, Tanzania; MSc TAD (AE&P), Reading, UK; BSc Agric (AS&P), SUA, Morogoro, Tanzania Contact:Tel: +250 785 437 335;

Course objectives:
Main Objective:
To provide conceptual and practical guidelines on how to conduct research, in a manner consistent with scientific research methodology. Specific objectives:
1. To equip students with the understanding of the concepts of RESEARCH from perspectives of: i. Research community itself (students, lecturers/researchers, reviewers, etc.) ii. Research users/clients: especially:

a) Policy-makers who commission research or manage calls for tender b) Evaluators and reviewers who are involved in awarding research contracts and c) Other research funders, including public and private agencies, charitable foundations, companies and NGOs. * To equip students with skills & capabilities to conduct research relevant to for Rural Development & Agribusiness in our country; and in a manner compliant professional standards. Course structure & organization

a) 3 Units @ 10 hrs of theory lecture
b) 2 Units @ 5 hrs of 1 INDIVIDUAL & 1 GROUP essay write up c) 1 Unit of 5 hrs Class presentations
e) 40%: 2 Essays & Class presence/presentations
f) 60%: Terminal exam

I:INTRODUCTION: The Basics of Research Methodology
Refer Lecture Notes: Evison Bhebhe (2009). Socio-Economic Research Methods 1. Meaning of research
2. Mission of research
3. Reasons/ Importance of research
4. General steps of research process
5. Research philosophy
1) Positivism
2) Interpretivism
6. Classification/Taxonomy of research methodologies
3) Laboratory experimentation
4) Field experimentation – subjective/argumentative
5) Surveys - Action research
6) Case studies – case studies
7) Theorem proof – descriptive/interpretive
8) Forecasting – future research
9) Simulation – role/game playing
10) Action research
7. Research problems, hypotheses & research objectives

II:RESEARCH STATISTICSS: The Basics of Research Statistics -------------------------------------------------
Refer Text Book: Kothari, CK (….). Research Methodology
Also: Msambichaka, LA (1992). Methods & techniques for agriculture & RD analysis – a handbook for functional managers

1. Introduction
* There are many problems in rural areas which need systematic investigation * Thus, data collection, processing & analysis becomes essential * This section attempts to discuss:
* Data collection; and
* Most basic statistical tools to use

2. Data collection:
3.1. Questionnaire (schedule) design (Dos & Don’ts) When preparing a questionnaire consider the following:
i. Questions to be simple & clear
ii. Design questions to obtain objective answers that may be tabulated iii. Make instructions & definitions precise so that enumerator doesn’t doubt info required; or statistical tool to use iv. Arrange questions in logical sequence; each question facilitating answer to subsequent question. Do not allow questions to skip back and forth. Frame one topic after another v. Avoid leading questions

vi. Do not lose your head if you get unsatisfactory answers resulting...
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