International Tourism and Transport
Assignment One: BX660020
By: Connor McIntosh
To: Sharleen Howison
Word count: 2,459
The purpose of this report is to examine and discuss land, air and sea transport modes with reference to examples of each type of transportation. The importance of these transport modes will be analysed with reference to regional, national and international networks including supply and demand. The importance of these networks will then be critically evaluated. The country that will be analysed will be Scotland.
Scotland is the most northerly of the four parts of the United Kingdom and occupies about one third of the island of Great Britain. “Scotland is bounded by England to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and north, and the North Sea to the east”(Alice Brown 2012) . A map of Scotland can be seen below in blue.
With a population of 5,169,000 (2008), a total land mass of 77,925(sq. km) and the fact that it is made up of over 790 islands an extensive transport system is needed for locals to get around and tourists to see the country (Alice Brown 2012). As stated in the Scotland National Transport Strategy “Transport is an essential part of economic activity. Infrastructure, roads, rail, airports and ports – and the businesses that use these assets - are all vital components of Scotland’s economy. Transport has a significant and positive contribution to make to economic growth, and to the prosperity and quality of life of Scottish people”(Astron 2006).
Scotland strives to achieve a transport network that develops transport infrastructure and services in innovative ways that anticipate future needs and challenges (Astron 2006).
2.0 Land Transport
Scotland has an extensive railway network which creates links not only around Scotland but also to England. They are used for both travel and freight. There are trains for cross country, intercity (including a rapid transit (underground) train in Glasgow) and small scale tram and train operations. Scotrail known more commonly as ‘Scotland’s Railway’ is a member of FirstGroup which is Britain's leading transport provider. They operate 95% of passenger rail services in Scotland and provide 2000 services a day. Scotrail also operates all but 3 of Scotland's 344 passenger stations, of which 142 are staffed (Scotrail 2012). There are two different fleets of trains Scotrail have in commercial operation, diesel and electric. An example of a diesel train that Scotrail have in operation is the Class 156 Sprinter. This train was built in 1989 and has a top speed of 120km per hour. Many upgrades have taken place on the train over the years to increase capacity and efficiency for the public.
(https://www.google.co.nz/search?q=class+156+super+sprinter&hl=en&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=wNJrT8qLH-G1iQffhOSWBg&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&sqi=2&ved=0CAwQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=667) An example of an Electric train that scotrail have in operation is the Class 380 desiro. This train was built in 2009 and is far more efficient than the diesel trains and has a top speed of 161km per hour.
(https://www.google.co.nz/search?q=Class+380+desiro&hl=en&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=athrT535OKW0iQeYxqSYBg&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CAwQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=667 The Scotrail network is very extensive and creates access too many areas of Scotland as can be seen below in their network map.
In 2005 Rail transport included 2.7 thousand km’s of rail routes which carried 73 million passengers per year, averaging a total of 2.35 billion km’s per year. This was behind road transport as the most popular form of land transport. The rail service networks are considered inconvenient and/or perceived as not reliable for some people...
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