Interior Guard Duty

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INTERIOR GUARD DUTY

Composition of Main Guard

An interior guard system is installed by commander of all military installations to preserve, protect property, and enforce military regulations. Security is part of the composition of the interior guard system. Separate units are responsible for posting interior in their areas.

The elements of the interior guard system are classified according to their purposes. They include the main guards and special guards. The latter category consists of park, train boat guards and other detailed for specific purposes. Generally, the interior guard consist of a system of patrols and fixed post (Fig 9-1)

Normally, an interior guard system is composed of the following: One (1) Field Officer of the Day (FOD); one officer or more Sergeants of the Guard (SOG); a relief commander for each relief; and sentinels of the guard, the number of sentinels needed for routine daytime duty is ordinarily much smaller than the number required at night or on Sunday and Holidays.

Functions and General Duties of Personnel

1.Field Officer of the Day (FOD) – A field grade officer detailed at FOD is the commanding officer’s personal representative. His primary concern is the proper supervision in the performance of duty of the interior guards.

2.Officer of the (OD) – The OD is responsible for the proper performance of duty by the main guards. He is charged with executing all orders of the commanding officer relating to interior guard duty.

3.Commander of the Guard (COG) – He is responsible for the instruction, discipline, and performance of the guards. Being a senior in rank, the commander of the guards is responsible for proper action in case of emergency.

4. Sergeant of the Guard (SOG) – The SOG is the overall supervision over the other NCOs and sentinel of the guards. He takes over a commander of the guards in case no one else is detailed as such. 5. Relief Commander – The relief commander instructs members of his relief as to their orders and duties, and makes certain that each sentinel understands them. He also familiarizes himself with the special duties of members of his relief.

6.Sentinel of the Guards – They must memorize, understand, and comply with the general orders for sentinel. In addition, they must understand and comply with the special orders applicable to their particular post, including the use of counter-signs, if they are in effect.

PROCEDURE IN FORMAL GUARD MOUNTING:

1.Before the new guard arrives in the guardhouse, the old guards have already been formed on time by the old commander. The new guards march to the guardhouse for informal guard mounting (Fig 9-2)

2.When the new guards are about six steps from the left flank of the old guards, the new commander of the guards commands “Eyes Right”. Almost at the same time, the commander of the old guards faces about the commands “present Arms.” They remain in this position until the new guards have cleared their right flank. The old commander commands “Order Arms”

3.A soon as the new guards have cleared the right flank, the new commanders “ready, Front.” The new guard executes right flank and halts when are approximately six steps to the right of the old guards. The commander then commands “Order, Arms” and “About Face”.

4.Both commanders of the guards positioned six steps in front and centered on their respective groups, face about and command “Present Arms.” After that, they face each other and exchange salutes. They then face their guards and command “Order Arms”.

5.After the new guards have been presented to the commander of the guards, the new old officers of the day position themselves eighteen steps in front and centered on their respective guards. Both commanders of the guards face about the command “Present Arms." After which they face back to the front and salute their respective officers of the day.

6.After salutes have been exchanged both commanders face about, command...
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