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Instructional Method and Settings

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Instructional Method and Settings

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  • March 2013
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* Instructional Methods & Settings
* Selection of Instructional Methods
* Evaluation of Instructional Methods
* Increasing Effectiveness of Teaching
* Creating Techniques to Enhance the
* Effectiveness of Verbal Presentations
* General Principles for All Teachers

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OBJECTIVES

After completing this chapter, the reader will be
able to:
1. Define the term instructional method.
2. Explain the various types of instructional
methods.
3. Describe how to use each method effectively.
4. Identify the strengths and limitations of each
method.
5. Discuss the variables that influence the selection
of a method.
6. Recognize strategies to enhance teaching
effectiveness.
7. Explain how to evaluate the method(s) used.

SELECTION OF INSTRUCTIONAL
METHODS
The process of selecting an instructional
method requires a prior determination of the
behavioral objectives to be accomplished and
an assessment of the learners who will be
involved in achieving the objectives. Also,
consideration must be given to available
resources such as time, money, space, and
materials to support learning activities. The
teacher is also an important variable in the
selection and effectiveness of a method.
Teachers are at different levels on the novice
to-expert continuum, and how seasoned they
are influences their choices of instructional
methods. An expert skilled at facilitating small
group discussion may be a novice in the
design and selection of CAI. A nurse may be
an expert clinician but have only limited
experience and effectiveness in the teaching

role. Nurses are expected to teach but may
not have adequate time, inclination, energy,
or capability for developing the quality and
variety of instruction necessary. Teaching is a...