Explain Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most well-recognized childhood developmental problems. This condition is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is now known that these symptoms continue into adulthood for about 60% of children with ADHD. That translates into 4% of the US adult population, or 8 million adults. However, few adults are identified or treated for adult ADHD.
Adults with ADHD…it could be you?
Adults with ADHD may have difficulty following directions, remembering information, concentrating, organizing tasks or completing work within time limits. If these difficulties are not managed appropriately, they can cause associated behavioral, emotional, social, vocational and academic problems. Listen to these Statistics
* According to the CDC…Diagnosis of ADHD increased an average of 3% per year from 1997 to 2006. * Boys are more likely than girls to have been diagnosed with ADHD. It affects males at higher rate than females in childhood, but this ratio seems to even out by adulthood * ADHD afflicts approximately 3% to 5% of school-age children in the U.S. alone * An estimated 60% of those will maintain the disorder into adulthood. * Frequency rates for ADHD in adults are not as well determined as rates for children, but fall in the 1% to 5% range. Common Behaviors and Problems of Adult ADHD
The following behaviors and problems may stem directly from ADHD or may be the result of related adjustment difficulties: * Chronic lateness and forgetfulness.
* Low self-esteem.
* Employment problems.**which could link to criminal activities** * Difficulty controlling anger.
* Substance abuse or addiction.
* Poor organization skills.
* Low frustration tolerance.
* Chronic boredom.
* Difficulty concentrating when reading.
* Mood swings.
* Relationship problems.
These behaviors may be mild to severe and can vary with the situation or be present all of the time. Some adults with ADHD may be able to concentrate if they are interested in or excited about what they are doing. Others may have difficulty focusing under any circumstances. Some adults look for stimulation, but others avoid it. In addition, adults with ADHD can be withdrawn and antisocial, or they can be overly social and unable to be alone. What do these Linked Impairments have to do with you…you are in school. Well think back to the class clown…when you were in school. His or her records might show that they… * Had a history of poorer educational performance and were underachievers. * Had more frequent school disciplinary actions.
* Had to repeat a grade.
* Dropped out of school
As adults they…
* Change employers frequently and perform poorly.
* Have had fewer occupational achievements, independent of psychiatric status. * Have a lower socioeconomic status.
* Have driving violations such as: be cited for speeding; have their licenses suspended; be involved in more crashes; rate themselves and others as using poorer driving habits. * Use illegal substances more frequently.
* Smoke cigarettes.
* Have more marital problems and multiple marriages.
* Have higher incidence of separation and divorce.
Much of this functional impairment diminishes with remission of the disorder and can be mitigated by appropriate treatment. Let’s talk more in-depth about a comparison of how the three main symptoms may look in childhood and adulthood:
Children with hyperactivity have often been described as being in constant motion, "as if driven by a motor." In addition they may: * Run and climb excessively, even when inappropriate for the situation * Constantly fidget or squirm, needs to have something in hand to play with * In the classroom will get up from seat...
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