What is ADHD?
• Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children, commonly referred to as ADHD, is characterized by poor concentration, hyperactivity, distractibility, and impulsiveness that are inappropriate for the child's age. • ADHD child symptoms include becoming easily distracted by sights and sounds in their environment, inability to concentrate for long periods of time, restlessness and impulsiveness, a tendency to daydream, and slowness in completing tasks. • Attention deficit hyperactive disorder in children is becoming increasingly common. For these children, their world can be like living inside a continuous fireworks display, where sounds, images, and thoughts are constantly exploding and distracting them, making it impossible for them to stay focused. • These children often find it impossible to fit in. As a result, they live in their own chaotic world. In order for these children to achieve their full potential, they should receive help, guidance, and understanding from parents, guidance counsellors, and the public education system. • Early identification by a healthcare professional is very important to ensure that the child can fulfil his/her full potential. • Children with ADHD are restless and cannot sit still or do any one thing for very long. • They are easily distracted and, because they find it so hard to pay attention, they may often be criticised for being careless and making too many mistakes at school. • They appear not to listen when someone is talking to them, they find it hard to wait their turn and they can be disruptive in play.
Children with ADHD tend to display the following behaviours: • Hyperactivity
• Impulsive behaviour
• Social clumsiness
• Poor coordination
• Mood swings
• Specific learning disabilities such as dyslexia, language problems, difficulties with handwriting/written work
In people with ADHD, behavioural problems are seen in several places not just at school.
Diagnosis can be quite challenging because:
• There is no physical test for ADHD (such as a blood test) • All children may have some problems with self-control • Other problems can result in behaviour similar to ADHD e.g. language or hearing difficulties, dyslexia or major • life disruptions
• ADHD exists in conjunction with many other conditions whose symptoms can overlap and mask those of ADHD • e.g. Asperger’s syndrome, language disorder, dyspraxia and obsessive compulsive disorder
The child must display either inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity (or both) and symptoms must have been present for at least 6 months.
Process for ADHD Diagnosis
Only healthcare professionals can officially diagnose ADHD. One (or more) of the following types of healthcare professional could be involved in the process: - • Child psychologist
• Psychiatric social worker
• Educational psychologist
ASSERTIVE BEHAVIOUR IS WHEN WE:
• Stand up for ourselves in a way that does not violate another person's rights • Take responsibility for our own thoughts/feelings/beliefs and behaviours without imposing them on others. • It is characterised by not blaming others for how we feel or what we do, we acknowledge our personal choice.
PASSIVE BEHAVIOUR IS WHEN WE:
• Fail to stand up to ourselves or do so in a way the others can easily disregard is • Express our thoughts, feelings and beliefs in apologetic, cautious or self effacing ways • Fail to express our views or feelings altogether, sometimes incorrectly perceive as being easygoing. AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR IS...
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