Summer II 12
Message: In Vitro Fertilization
Audience: Coastal Students
Purpose: to inform about the in vitro fertilization procedure
Attention-getter strategy: Primary fertilization affects about 6.1 million people in the U.S., about 10% of men and women of reproductive age. Thesis: There is more to IVF than meets the eye for you to conceive a child. First Main Idea:
a. What is In Vitro Fertilization?
i. IVF is simply the uniting of egg and sperm in a lab (in vitro). IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This means special medical techniques are used to help a woman become pregnant. IVF has been successfully used since 1978. It is most often tried when other, less expensive fertility techniques have failed. b. 5 Main Steps
i. Monitor and stimulate the development of healthy egg(s) in the ovaries. ii. Collect the eggs.
iii. Secure the sperm.
iv. Combine the eggs and sperm together in the laboratory and provide the appropriate environment for fertilization and early embryo growth. v. Transfer embryos into the uterus.
Second Main Idea:
a. Significant Physical, Emotional, Financial, & Time Commitment i. Stress and depression are common among couples dealing with infertility. ii. Many IVF medicines must be given by injection, often several times a day, which can cause abdominal pain, mood swings, headaches, as well as other side effects. iii. There is a risk of multiple pregnancies when more than one embryo is placed into the womb. Carrying more than one baby at a time increases the risk of premature birth and low birth weight. (However, even a single baby born after IVF is at higher risk for prematurity and low birth weight.) It is unclear whether IVF increases the risk of birth defects. iv. IVF is very costly. Some, but not all, states have laws that say health insurance companies must offer some type of...