Impact of Individuals, Groups and Structures on Organizational Behavior

Topics: Scientific method, Research, Research methods Pages: 2 (633 words) Published: October 7, 2012
Tittle :Appendix A: Research in Organizational Behavior (Robbins, Stephen P. & Judge, Timothy A. (15 th Edition, 2013). Organizational Behavior. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness. A dense understanding of research methods will help one to give a good description of human behavior. PURPOSES OF RESEARCH

Research is the systematic investigation to establish a fact. The purpose of research mainly in an organization, is not to predict exactly how persons will behave but to predict to a certain extent the likelihood of persons behaving in a certain way given a particular situation. This is largely because human behavior is difficult to predict. RESEARCH APPROACH

A variable is something that can be changed such as characteristics. An example of OB variable is employee productivity because it responses to say changes in labor. Hypothesis is an explanation of a phenomenon which can be tested through research studies to approve or disapprove it .Dependent variable is what is tested in a research. It depends on the independent variable to establish a fact. In OB research, an example of dependent variable is productivity because it depends on labor which is an independent variable. Independent variable is what is manipulated to cause a change in the dependent variable. In the workplace, if the amount of labor (independent) increases, productivity (dependent) will also increase. Moderating variable affects the direction and/or strength of the relationship between dependent and independent variable. Causality is the relationship between an event which is the cause and a second event which is the effect. In behavioral research it is difficult to establish an exact causality due to the complex nature of human...
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