1.| Letter of Acknowledgement| 2|
2. | Topic| 3|
3.| Background Information and Sources| 5|
4.| Rational for the study| 7|
5. | Informational Need| 8|
6.| Methodology| 9|
7. | Analysis and Results| 12|
8.| Conclusions| 22|
9.| Recommendations| 23|
10.| Addendum| 24|
Table of Contents
Letter of Acknowledgement
Institute of Business Management
Korangi Creek, Karachi-75190, Pakistan
UAN (9221)111-002-004, Fax: (9221) 509-0968 http://www.iobm.edu.pk
Dear Reader, Dated: 8th August 2012 It is an honor for us to prepare this report on “Relation of gender with productivity, satisfaction, turnover and absenteeism” assigned to us by our respected instructor Ms. Shagufta Rafif. We would like to thank her for providing us the supervision all along in order to materialize our content for the report.
It was a contentment creating such a report, on a topic so enlightening and realistic, which also plays a vital role in our professional lives in near future.
We would also like to express our gratitude to Mr. Saad bin Saeed Jumlana – Executive Director at IRIS International, Pakistan - for providing us the required information and direction.
Adeel Saleem 12890
Huzaifa Kapadia 12693
Fahad Yousuf 12889
1.1 About Organization Behaviour:
Organization behavior is the study of individuals, group and overall structures and how they eventually affect organizational performance. This is a broad field of study that helps us understand the relationships, trends and customs that help us create a pleasant workplace environment. When we talk about research in OB, we tend to focus on the dependant variables that are key factors that predict behavioral outcome of employees. They are, * Productivity
* Job Satisfaction
* Deviant Workplace Behaviour
* Organization Citizenship Behaviour
These variables vary from organization to organization, employee to employee depending on various factors such as biological, environmental, psychological, etc. In this report, we will study and observe the effect of one of these factors on the dependant variables.
1.2 About the Topic:
The topic of our report is,
“Relationship of gender with productivity, turnover, job satisfaction and absenteeism.” This theme takes into account four of the above independent variables that will be focused upon with respect to gender of employees.
This report is based on a research in four above mentioned criteria’s. It will go as follows, * Background and Historic Research
* Importance of the Topic
* The Hypothesis
* Methods for determining each variable
* Analysis of data and results
* Conclusions and Recommendations
Background Information & Sources
A great deal of research is available on the topic of gender differences with respect to performance, satisfaction, turnover and absenteeism. This topic has remained on the top interest list of business personnel for a number of years due to its vast significance (discussed in next section). 2.1Gender & Job Performance:
According to a joint research at the University of California, the Institute for Research in Economics and Business Administration, Stanford University and Stockholm University, if men and women were to be paid on their productivity (e.g. piece rate system) then women are slightly less productive than men. Despite this point, this paper concludes that both genders are equally productive.
A recent Wall Street research was held in February 2007 by the National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. This research paper holds great detail of gender and job performance relationships. Overall, it can be concluded from this paper also, that both male and female workers are equally...