Ielts Exam

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  • Topic: Human, Australopithecus, Carbon
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ielts exam
The illustration below shows the process of tying a bow tie. Write a report explaining to a university lecturer how to tie his bow tie. Write at least 150 words.

Model Answer
The diagram illustrates how to knot a bow tie in eight stages. To begin with, the tie should be placed around the neck, with one end slightly longer than the other. Then place the longer end over the other and pass it upwards and behind the point where the two ends cross. Next, take the other end of the tie and bend it twice to form an ‘S’ shape. Bring the longer end down and in front, so that it holds the ‘S’ curve in place. Now comes the trickiest part of the process. Take the long end of the tie and form a similar ‘S’ shape before passing it through the narrow gap behind the other end. This creates a knot and the bow should now be held securely in place. Finally, adjust both sides of the bow to make it symmetrical and prepare to be the envy of your friends. (152 words, IELTS 9.0)

Task 1 Question
The diagram below illustrates the carbon cycle in nature.
Write a 150-word description of this diagram for a university lecturer.

© The National Center for Atmospheric Research
Model Answer
The diagram shows how carbon moves through various stages to form a complete cycle. This report will give a brief description of the main stages in this cycle. First, we can see that energy from the sun is transformed into organic carbon through a process in plants known as photosynthesis. This organic carbon is then transferred underground when plants, and the animals that feed on them, die and decay. Some of this carbon is trapped underground in the form of fossils and fossil fuels. Carbon is also released back into the atmosphere, however, through various means. One is when animals and plants respire, and another is when humans burn fossil fuels in cars and factories. All this carbon enters the atmosphere as CO2. It is then reabsorbed by plants, and the cycle begins again. Overall,...
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