In a large measure, science and superstition are polar opposites. Science is based on evidentiary support, objectivity and integrity, whereas superstition has very few of these. This is despite the fact that science originally evolved from superstition and theology, for example astronomy evolved from faith, chemistry from alchemy, etc. These were thought to be superstitions initially and only through a series of hypotheses, research, and argumentations did they become science. In modern society, there are still a lot of unknown, inexplicable phenomena which are misunderstood as superstition and could possibly be puzzles that will be worked out with the development of science.
1) Hypothetical and Scientific Reasoning.
Hypothesis is a tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation. The reasoning used to produce a hypothesis is Hypothetical Reasoning. Hypothetical Reasoning is a very important method of Scientific Research. Scientific research analyzes the problem and from that analysis presents scientific facts, which through the process of arrangement and summarization can come to create a scientific hypothesis. It is possible that a hypothesis could become a scientific theory through demonstration and the test of practice. Every scientific theory before its confirmation can be viewed as a hypothesis. Hypothesis method is a bridge which leads to the scientific theory. It involves four basic stages: a. Occurrence of a problem
b. Formulating a hypothesis
c. Drawing implication from the hypothesis
d. Testing the implication.
The Scientific Hypothetical Reasoning must follow these four stages. If met with a problem or phenomenon, just formulating a hypothesis and involving psychological and volitional elements is easy to turn to superstition. For example, one day there was a raven cawing on the roof of a house and...