Hygiene and Solution

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IGNOU FEG-01 Solved Assignment 2012
Foundation Course in English - 1 (FEG-01)
Max. Marks: 100
Answer all the questions
1 Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:
International cricket sensation Sachin Tendulkar has joined forces with UNICEF to get Indian children to wash their hands for better health and hygiene as part of the first ever Global Handwashing Day held on 15" October. Tendulkar was featured in a public service announcement that was broadcast in 14 languages on television channels across the country to build support for the campaign targeting students in more than six million schools across India.

"Having a celebrity of this stature, who is instantly recognizable to cricket fans not only in India but around the world, will help us mobilize millions of young people," said Karin Hulshof, UNICEF representative in India. "Lending free-ofcharge his image to promote handwashing with soap will undoubtedly save many children's lives." The Indian campaign is part of a global movement uniting millions of children in 52 countries across five continents as part of the International Year of Sanitation 2008. Nearly half of the world's population, or 2.6 billion people, do not have access to adequate sanitation. This dire situation has widespread implications on human health, child survival, economic productivity and pollution of living spaces and water resources. Washing hands with soap is one of the most cost-effective health measures to prevent diarrhea, the second biggest killer of children in India. Proper handwashing can red= diarrheal cases by 47 per cent and acute respiratory illness by 30 per cent. This campaign highlights the need to wash hands with soap before meals and after defecation. Human excreta is the essence of the sanitation challenge. One gram of faeces can contain 10 million viruses, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and 100 parasite eggs. Washing hands and using toilets properly impacts not only health, but also education. The sanitation coverage in Indian schools is estimated to be about 58 per cent. However, providing private and separate sanitary latrines in schools can increase girls' enrolment by 11 per cent. Proper sanitation facilities in schools can drastically improve the chances of a girl finishing her education. Currently, only 34 per cent of India's girls are completing their schooling.

Q1. Say whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the passage given above. (5)

I The year 2008 was declared as the International Ye& of Sanitation. Solution: (T)

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ii.The public announcement on hand washing was broadcast in only Hindi and English. Solution: (F)

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iii The target audience were rural children.
Solution: (F)

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iv Children in over 52 countries do not have access to proper sanitation. Solution: (F)

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v Girls do not often complete their education due to inadequate toilet facilities. Solution: (T)

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Q1 (b) Answer the following questions:
(1) Why was Sachin Tendulkar selected to drive the UNJCEF Campaign on Global Handwashing for Children?

Solution: Sachin Tendulkar was selected to drive the UNJCEF Campaign on Global Handwashing for Children because he is having celebrity of this stature, who is instantly recognizable to cricket fan not only in India but around the world, will help us mobilize millions of young people. ===================================================

(ii)Why is washing of hands with soap so important, especially for children?

Solution: Washing hands with soap is one of the most cost-effective health measures to prevent diarrhea, the second biggest killer of children in India. Proper handwashing can red= diarrheal cases by 47 per...
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