Human Rights Violation in the Philippines
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” Human rights describe equal rights and freedom for everybody by the fact of being human and without distinction of any kind of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions. However, many people have always suffered from the lack of them throughout history. In fact, the lack of human rights has a lot of effects on people lives. Human rights is defined as the rights as freedom from unlawful imprisonment, torture, and execution and regarded as belonging fundamentally to all persons. Another definition for human rights is those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity. To violate someone’s rights is to treat that person as though she or he were not a human being. To advocate human rights is to demand that the human dignity of all people be respected. Everyone is entitled to this rights and freedom. It belongs to all human being and that it is fundamental and essential to every type of society. Human rights are held by all persons equally, universally, and forever. Human rights are the rights a person has simply because he or she is a human being. Human rights are both conceived as universal and egalitarian. Human rights is universal because it is applicable everywhere and egalitarian because it is the same in everyone. In claiming these human rights, everyone also accepts the responsibility not to violate the rights of others and to support those whose rights are abused or denied. Human rights are about recognizing the value and dignity of all people. Human rights entail equality and fairness. Human rights violations occur when actions by state or non-state actors abuse, ignore, or deny basic human rights including civil, political, cultural, social, and economic rights. Furthermore, violations of human rights can occur when any state or non-state actor breaches any part of the UDHR treaty or other international human rights or humanitarian law. “Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life”. The right to life describes the essential right to live, particularly that a human being has the right not to be killed by another human being. The concept of a right to life is central to debates on the issues of abortion, capital punishment, euthanasia, self defense and war. According to many human rights activists, the death penalty violates this right. The United Nations has called on states retaining the death penalty to establish a moratorium on capital punishment with a view to its abolition. States which do not do so face considerable moral and political pressure. Throughout history, torture has been used as a method of political re-education, interrogation, punishment, and coercion. In addition to state-sponsored torture, individuals or groups may be motivated to inflict torture on others for similar reasons to those of a state; however, the motive for torture can also be for the sadistic gratification of the torturer. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. The right to a fair trial has been defined in numerous regional and international human rights instruments. It is one of the most extensive human rights and all international human rights instruments enshrine it in more than one article. The right to a fair trial is one of the most litigated human rights and substantial case law has been established on the interpretation of this human right. Despite variations in wording and placement of the various fair trial rights, international human rights instrument define the right to a fair trial in broadly the same terms. The aim...
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