Classification of Human Rights
During World War II, about 70 million people were killed. Innocent civilians such as children, women, the elderly and students without any reason were killed during the war. However, in contemporary society, when our life is at risk, we will exercise our rights to protect ourselves, not to be hurt. Nevertheless, until 1948, most of the people cannot exercise their rights. As a result, the majority of people because of class, gender, race, religion, and so on suffered violence or were killed. For this reason, human rights were for the first time emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 after World War II. What are human rights? Human rights are the most basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world. As a result, human rights included the right to personal liberty and due process of law. Also, it meant the freedom of thought, expression, religion, and organization along with freedom from discrimination based on race, religion, age, language, and sex. It also included employment to property. In order to understand these rights, human rights been classified into five categories: civil, political, economic and social, cultural, and children’s rights. First of all, the first of the human rights are civil rights. Civil rights are the most basic individual rights that are protected in many respects. First, the right to life is a part of it. Every human being has the right to be protected if their lives are at risk. For example, if the prisoner was sentenced to death, he has the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence. Then, the right to freedom of expression is one of the civil rights. Every person has the right to hold their own opinions and to express them freely without government interference. For instance, journalists have the right to freedom of criticism of the government without fear of prosecution. Third, another civil rights are the right for thoughts, beliefs and religion. Everyone has the right to change your religion or beliefs at any time. For example, a Buddhist has the right to change into a Christian at any time, and no one can obstruct this. The second, political rights are a significant aspect of human rights. Political rights are participating directly or indirectly in the establishment or administration of a government. First, the right to vote is an important part of political rights. Everyone has the right to participate in the government of their country, directly or through freedom of choice representatives. For example, a person over the age of 18 has the right to participate in the any election campaign in China. Next, the right to freedom of assembly also belongs to political rights. For instance, a health organization to promote the importance of health organized a group of people and marched in the street. Meanwhile, the right to self determination is also one of the political rights. Every person has the right to choose suitable for their country and its territorial boundaries. For example, in the Chinese Civil War, the new People's Republic of China had gained control of mainland China. Furthermore, economic and social rights are another part of human rights. Economic and social rights are ensured that every person be afforded conditions under which they are able to meet their basic needs. First, the right to food is a part of them. Everyone can ensure freedom from hunger and access to safe and nutritious food. For example, a child has the right to receive healthy food, and will not go hungry. Also, the right to private property is one of economic and social rights. Everyone has the right to get their own private property, and protect it. For example, a person working at a company, at the end of the month when he got his corresponding wages and stored them into the bank. Moreover, economic and social rights are the right to social security. Every person has the right to ensure that the necessary approach...
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