1.1 Compares different learning styles
Learning styles can be defined, classified, and Identified in many different ways. Generally, they are patterns that Provide overall direction to learning and teaching. Learning style can also be described as a set of factors, behaviors, and attitudes That Facilitate learning for an Individual in a Given Situation. http://web.cortland.edu/andersmd/learning/Introduction.htm Leaning Styles
1) David Kolb's model
2) Peter Honey and Alan Mumford's model
3) Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
4) Neil Fleming's VAK/VARK model
David Kolb’s Leaning Styles Model
Kolb's learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles, which are based on a four-stage learning cycle. In this respect Kolb's model is particularly elegant, since it offers both a way to understand individual people's different learning styles, and also an explanation of a cycle of experiential learning that applies to us all. Kolb includes this 'cycle of learning' as a central principle his experiential learning theory, typically expressed as four-stage cycle of learning, in which 'immediate or concrete experiences' provide a basis for 'observations and reflections'. These 'observations and reflections' are assimilated and distilled into 'abstract concepts' producing new implications for action which can be 'actively tested' in turn creating new experiences.
Involves four stages:
1. Concrete Experience - (CE) - this can be planned or accidental. 2. Reflective Observation - (RO) - this includes activity thinking about the experience and its significance. 3. Abstract Conceptualization - (AC) – generalizing from experience to develop various concepts and ideas that can be utilized when similar situations are faced. 4. Active Experimentation - (AE) - testing the concepts or ideas in new situations. This gives rise to a new concrete experience and the cycle begins again. Four-type definition of learning styles:
1. Diverging (CE/RO)
2. Assimilating (AC/RO)
3. Converging (AC/AE)
4. Accommodating (CE/AE)
Kolb’s learning styles - matrix view
It's often easier to see the construction of Kolb's learning styles in terms of a two-by-two matrix. The diagram also highlights Kolb's terminology for the four learning styles; diverging, assimilating, and converging, accommodating: Peter Honey and Alan Mumford's model
Peter Honey and Alan Mumford developed their learning styles system as a variation on the Kolb model while working on a project for the Chloride Corporation in the 1970's. The Honey & Mumford stages of learning cycle are:
* Get fully involved in new experiences
* Open minded and enthusiastic
* Will 'try anything once'
* Revel in crisis management, 'fire fighting'
* Get bored by detail
* Prefer to stand back and observe
* Look at all angles and implications
* 'Chew it over' before reaching conclusions
* Take a back seat in meetings and discussions
* Think problems through logically, step by step
* Assimilate disparate facts in coherent theories
* Rigorously question assumptions and conclusions
* Don't allow their feelings to influence decisions
* Uncomfortable with subjectivity, creative thinking
* Keen to try out new ideas to see if they work
* Like solving practical problems and making decisions
* Emphasize expediency - 'the end justifies the means'
* Impatient with long-winded or open-ending discussions
The learners can then move around the cycle again, jump in any part of the cycle, and then quit when they deem themselves as successful (learned the task or material).
Comparison of Kolb’s & Honey & Mumford leaning styles
1.2 Explain the role of the learning curve and the importance of transferring learning to the workplace....