Honey and Mumford and David Kolb
Honey and Mumford developed a theory about adults and the way they learned. Kolb is the inspiration for a large numbers of theorists. For example, Honey and Mumford’s Learning Styles questionnaire is directly from Kolb's theory. What Honey and Mumford then did was rather than asking individuals directly how they learnt, they gave them a questionnaire that analyses overall behavioural trends and their reasoning is most people have never consciously measured how they really learn. Honey and Mumford identified four learning preferences.
Firstly they identified the reflector, this style is when an individual preferred to learn from activities in which they watch, think and have time to think things over after what they have been taught. Secondly they identified the thorniest learning style, this style of learning is when an individual prefers to think things over and take step by step making a plan and analysing what they have to do. The third style of learning is the pragmatist style, this style is when someone preferred to be hands on and experiment with what they have and to see if it works, this style doesn’t involve any thinking, it is just a hands on and get on with it task. The fourth and finally learning style is the activist style, this style involves individuals who prefer to challenge new experiences, role play and they tend to like anything new that involves problem solving and small group discussions. Kolb’s model of learning is basically the same, although there are a couple of differences. David Kolb’s learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles which are based on a four stage learning cycle.
The first stage of Kolb’s cycle is the concrete stage; this stage is when an individual has an experience and views situations from many but different perspectives and learns by observation rather than by action.
The second stage of Kolb’s cycle is reflective observation; this stage includes the individual reflecting on their actions from their previous experiences. After that the third stage consists of an individual drawing up their own conclusions in ways in which they can improve from previously.
The fourth and final stage of Kolb’s theory involves putting their previous conclusions into action, carrying them out, analysing how they worked, what changed and what was learnt. Specific learning needs
Within education there are many individuals who are faced with some sort of specific learning need. Every child within education who has ‘special needs’ require different support, this support is determined on what kind of difficulty they have and how serious that may be. Within young children there are many disabilities which can affect them during school and these will have a massive impact in their lives. Therefore it is important that parents and teachers do everything they can do to address that child’s needs.
If a child’s needs are addressed the people around them can provide different types of learning and use preferred ways of learning that individual and give that individual the chance to feel comfortable and learn the way they want to learn, this will help boost their confidence and self-esteem allowing them fit in and feel accepted.
The most common type of learning difficulty is dyslexia. Dyslexia mainly affects the development of literacy and the related language skills needed and this is known as an overall weakness of the processing of the working memory. These difficulties are usually found in the areas of a child’s reading, writing and speaking and the symptoms of dyslexia can range from mild to severe cases.
For example; a child may sit down with a...