HSB4U Psychology Assignment
Part B: Application of Schools of Thought to Social Challenges/Issues Individuals not reaching their full potential:
Humanist school of thought wants to find ways to empower individuals in recovery, therapy, or learning processes to reach full potential. And humanist psychologists research to understand their client as a whole. Humanist psychologist Abraham Maslow has brought up an idea of Hierarchy of Needs, which explains that basic needs must be fulfilled before higherorder needs become important. And selfactualization, which can be defined as one achieving one’s full potential, is the highest level of it. So in order to help one reach his/her full potential, lowerlevel needs such as esteem needs, belongingness and love needs, safety needs and physiological needs should be meet first. Also, another humanist psychologist Carl Rogers has brought up the clientcentred model, which believes in the clients can understand themselves better if they are in a nonthreatening environment. Because they play an active role during that process, so that they are not only gain greater insight but also gain selfacceptance. This can also help one to reach his/her full potential if they know themselves more clearly. Behaviourism can also help with this issue. Behaviourism studies the prediction and control of behaviour, behaviourist psychologists use evidence gained through experiments to understand and change behaviours. They use classical conditioning method or operant conditioning method through their experiments. In order to help one to reach his/her full potential, behaviourist psychologists can use operant conditioning, they can set a reward to stimulate the clients(positive reinforcement), so the clients are more likely to reach their full potential since they are motivated. Also, because operant conditioning is usually voluntary, the client play an active role in the process, that could also push the process forward. Behaviourist
HSB4U Psychology Assignment
psychologist can study the clients, and understanding their behaviours, then develop some solution based on it, they have the ability to change the behaviours, that could also help clients to reach their full potential.
Part C: What it takes to do new things at work, overnight. a) Humanism
Humanism wants to find ways to empower individuals in learning processes to reach their full potential. It focuses on creating a positive enviornment to explore thinking, learning and creativity. In the article, Atlassian has created a FedEx Day to encourage its employees to innovate new ideas. Because they only have 24 hours of time, that force the employees to abandon hesitation and produce fearlessly. Under that condition, the employees are more likely to reach their potential. One of the FedEx Day source code is “open up space”, the slack space that Atlassian provides to their employees allows them to think of something entirely new to them. As a result of 18 FedEx Day, the company has shipped 550 projects and created 47 features or products. Also, humanism believes that individual has ownership and responsibility regarding learning and personal growth. In humanism, clients play an active role in discovery process, and they gain greater insight and selfacceptance through the process. During FedEx Days, employees of Atlassian are free to create whatever they want, and they also can abandon their project and join others’ if they find more exciting about it. In this process, employees play an active role, and that’s how they taking responsibility over their personal growth. And it can lead to real changes in behaviour to conform new understandings. And because FedEx Day is not entirely a competition, even one doesn’t win the first prize, they always find satisfaction in their own way. If we think of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, one can only seek selfactualization if ...
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