This report is based on defining leadership and its theories. Steve Jobs and Jeff Bozes leadership approach and style is analysed and which leadership skills are acted upon by these leaders and how they fit in the skill approach model. Furthermore, it would be analysed whether the leadership approach practiced by Steve Jobs and Jeff Bozes could have been successful in a slow moving industry such as construction or banking industry. In the end, the reflection of the most appropriate theories that I would prefer to use when opening a company like Amazon or Apple with 5 experienced people. In addition, critically evaluation of the relevant theories is also analysed. Leadership and Theories
Leadership is a process in which one individual influences others towards the achievement of group or organizational goals. Leadership is a social influence and it cannot exist without a leader and followers. Leadership results in the behaviour of the followers that is meaningful and goal-directed in an organized setting. Despite the efforts of a standard definition of leadership, Fred Luthans, mentions in his book Organizational Behaviour (2005), ‘’it [leadership] does remain pretty much of a ‘black box’ or unexplained concept.’’ Leadership also means awakening passion among its followers, to have an ability to transform dreams in to reality. Leadership is an on-going process that persuades people to do right things for better future where one person encourages, inspires and motivates for betterment of society. Leadership encourages people to go on the path they do not want to go but they ought to. In short, leadership deals with ‘influence’. Following are various theoretical approaches of leadership:
Great man theory: The individual characteristics of leader are born, not made. 2.
Trait theories: Individuals possess certain qualities that make them leaders. It can be either behavioural or personality characteristics of a leader. Leaders score higher than average on the scores of ability (intelligence), sociability (cooperation, popularity), & motivation (initiative) (Shaw, 1976 & Fraser, 1978). 3.
Contingency theories: These are theories that focus on variables that determine which style of leadership is best fit for a situation. This means to look at what the leaders actually do, rather than their underlying characteristics. The management and leadership style is influenced by person’s perceptions about human nature (McGregor, 1960). It also states that there is no one best leadership style to lead in all situations. 4.
Situational theories: This theory was developed to indicate that the style of leadership depends upon the situation, people, task & environment. This means that leaders take action based on the situations that might be different at different times. Fiedler (1964, 1967) stated that there is no single way to lead; instead leader’s style should be chosen according to the situation. This view was also supported by Hersey and Blanchard (1969, 1977). In addition, the leader should balance the needs of the task, team and individuals (John Adair, 1973). 5.
Transformational theories: This theory focuses on the connection between leaders and followers. The leaders motivate, inspire and focus on performance of group members individually. The leaders often have high ethical and moral standards. Transforming leadership is a relation of mutual stimulation and elevation the converts the followers in to leaders and leaders in to moral agents (Burns, 1978). 6.
Charismatic leadership theory: a charismatic leader is someone who rebuilds morale and brings positivity in future success. This theory combines great man and transformational theories. The main characteristics of charismatic leader are dominant personality, Strong role model, behaviour and competence, high expectations and confidence in their followers (Northouse, 2004, p171). 7.
Behavioural theories: These theories believe that great leaders are made, not born. This...
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