THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
This is not a title of a chapter. It is actually a paragraph sidehead, which begins Chapter 1. Statement in this chapter should not only signify the importance of the topic but should also cause an impact on the reader.
GUIDELINES IN WRITING THE INTRODUCTION:
It may be composed of three paragraphs enabling the readers to see at a glance the entire contents of the research work. 1. The intention of the first paragraph is to provide the readers a mental warm-up, thus giving them information and readiness as to what the research is all about. It should introduce the study and justify the problem. 2. The second paragraph carries the bulk of the introduction. The statement of the problem can best be used as frame of reference to write this paragraph. It is simply telling the readers the scope and coverage of the study. This will help revolve around mentioning the purpose of the study, which is to determine the existing or not existing between the independent and dependent variables. 3. The third or last paragraph is a sort of closing portion that is intriguing and challenging the readers to become interested in knowing the results of the study. It is one or two sentences to link between the introduction and the statement of the problem.
II. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This is one of the most important parts of a research report. This is the focus of the study and all questions should be categorically answered.
GUIDELINES IN WRITING THE STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
1. The problem should be stated both in general and in specific terms. The general statement of the problem is usually a reiteration of the title of the study. 2. The problem is always in an interrogatory form; hence, it must ask a question. Sub-problems must follow the main problem, which are the key points for investigations in the research. 3. The problem should be stated in the infinitive to (action words in research) such as examine, analyze, determine, measure, assess, evaluate, recommend, find out, among others; setting 4-5 research objectives is ideal for a research problem. 4. Specific questions should be stated using the following guide question words: “How,” “Will,” “What,” “Is there”…
This study was conducted to investigate all aspects of the Teaching of Science in the High Schools of the Province of Abra during the SchoolYear 2002-2003 as perceived by the Science Teachers. Specifically, the study attempted to answer the following questions:
1.How do the respondents’ profile be described in terms of: 1.1 educational qualifications
1.2 field of specialization
1.3 kind of examination taken
1.4 number of years in teaching science
1.5 in-service trainings/programs attended
1.6 reading materials frequently read and subscribed to, and 1.7 membership in related organizations / associations 1 How effective are the methods and strategies used by the respondents in teaching science? 2 How adequate are the instructional and non-instructional facilities for the teaching of science? 3 How adequate are the forms of supervisory assistance extended to the respondents relative to the teaching of science? 4 What problems are being encountered by the respondents? 5 What suggestions are offered by the respondents to improve the teaching of science?
III. CONCEPTUAL/ THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDY
1. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
1.1The conceptual framework is the schematic diagram which shows the variables included in the study. 2.2 Arrows or line should be properly placed and connected between boxes to show the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. 2.3 All the independent and dependent variables should be clearly discussed and explained how these would influence the results of the study.