Factors that contribute towards classroom atmosphere and how to establish a sustainable, positive atmosphere in your classroom
Table of Contents
Extrinsic Versus Intrinsic Motivation
Interpersonal relations between learners and the facilitator
The maintenance of discipline
Classroom discipline policy
The benefits of creating a positive learning atmosphere in a classroom are numerous. Schools that have a positive learning environment embody a place that students enjoy coming to everyday and where they are able to perform to their full potential. A classroom culture can be difficult to describe and yet it is one of the most important elements in the success or failure of educating students. The culture of a classroom can be affected by many different factors from learner motivation to disciplinary problems. This paper looks at 5 identified aspects that can be use to create a sustainable, positive atmosphere in the classroom, namely: Learner Motivation, Communication, Interpersonal relations between learners and the facilitator, the maintenance of discipline and Classroom discipline policy. We will see that all these elements play an interrelated and significant role in establishing a productive and positive class atmosphere.
‘Motivation is something that energizes, directs, and sustains behavior; it gets students moving, points them in a particular direction, and keeps them going. We often see students motivation reflected in personal investment and in cognitive, emotional, and behavioral engagement in school activities (Fredricks, Blumenfeld, & Paris, 2004; Maehr & Meyer, 2004; Reeve, 2006). Learner Motivation is important in creating a warm classroom climate because when learners feel insecure, threatened or uneasy it reduces their motivation, their willingness and ability to learn. As an educator you need to be aware of what motivates your learners in order to teach and design lesson plans in a way that is most effective. Educators need to try and put themselves in the learners mind. What is their drive for coming to you for learning? What encourages them to learn? When you know what motivates your learners it is so much easier to teach and share knowledge because they are receptive and eager to learn.
All students are motivated in one way or another. One student may be very interested Geography and seek out challenging work and earn high marks. Another student may be more concerned with the social aspect of school, socialising with classmates often and joining the public speaking team. Still another may be focused on sports, excelling in physical education classes and always playing sports. Whatever area students are motivated in they perform better, have more energy and enjoy it more. Learners that are motivated naturally contribute favourably to a positive classroom atmosphere. Motivation determines the specific goals toward which learners strive (Maehr & Meyer, 1997; Pintrich et al., 1993). Thus, it affects the choices students make—for instance, whether to enroll in science or art classes, whether to spend an afternoon completing a challenging homework project or playing computer games with friends.
Other effects of motivation on students learning behaviour that creates a positive atmosphere in the classroom are: * Motivation increases the amount of effort and energy that learners put into activities directly related to their goals. It determines whether they pursue an activity enthusiastically and wholeheartedly or indifferently and with boredom.
* Motivation increases persistence in activities and drive to overcome obstacles. Learners are more likely to begin a task they actually want to do. They are also more likely to continue working at it until they’ve finished it, even if they encounter...
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