How to Develop Indonesia Tourism
Indonesia is a large country in Asia which is known to have a very abundant natural wealth. This is the great potential to be used as the welfare of Indonesian society like in the tourism sector. Indonesia has the tourism resources that are not less interesting with other countries in the ASEAN region. Indonesia has 5 big islands and more than 17.000 small islands. The main islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya. Even Papua and Kalimantan rank as the second and third largest island in the world after Greenland. Indonesia's archipelago with a tropical climate and very humid, has the richness and diversity of natural resources (beaches, volcanoes, tropical forests, and wildlife) that are unique in the world. As well as the natural beauty of Indonesia, visitors are able to see and appreciate Indonesia's cultural and social legacies. We know that Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity have all contributed to Indonesia's to build heritage and culture. In recent years, the number of tourists who came to Indonesia has increased. However, the Indonesian growth in tourist arrivals is lower than, Singapore, Kamboja, Philippine, and Thailand. Indonesian's Tourism is predicted to be able to exceed the target that has been set this year, 7.7 million visits. It can be done if Indonesia can build a strong structure of tourism planning. However, excess of those resources need to be accompanied by a more focused effort, so that these resources can have highly competitiveness to attract tourists. Actually, with 3 conditions such as Creating human resources that have quality in the tourism field, having good promotion, and improving tourism facilities and infrastructure Indonesia can develop Indonesia tourism. The main component of tourism product is a service, element of human resources is very dominant, and then the problem of tourism development is the provision, enhancement and improvement of quality human resources that are competent in the tourism field. Human resources that are competent in the tourism field will be needed if many areas wanted to develop his area into a reliable tourist destination. The problem is many areas that today do not yet have qualified workforce in tourism field, especially with the competence and international certification. It is true that several provinces have Tourism Academy and / or Vocational School in the tourism field like SMIP, SMKP, etc but the numbers of graduates are still not sufficient compared with the number of rooms available, the flow of tourists and / or travel agent number and tourist attraction. Today, work force that is competent in the tourism field is more focused in province, while tourist attraction generally is located in the district and sub-district. Similarly, the Stakeholder Position in Local Government Tourism Agencies, more qualified non-tourism, so as rarely the thinking gap and knowledge in the tourism field did not happen. Meanwhile, the trend of world tourism today imposes the handling of tourism by professional powers that could be "relied on," international standard, and certified, to guarantee the demands of "service standards" for tourists ". It is not only required from Indonesia, but it is needed for all the tourism destinations in the world. To get qualified human resources Indonesia must improve education in tourism field. As we know that only a few provinces have academic or vocational school in tourism. So Indonesia must increase academic and tourism schools with international standard. Give the opportunity for graduate of tourism to work in the tourism institutions is a must. As we know that the stakeholder in tourism institutions more qualified non-tourism, so with the graduates they will be more know how to develop Indonesia tourism. And these human resources not only placed in the center of tourism institution, but also placed in all institution of the regional government's tourism. The...
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