How the Family and School May Affect the Development of the Learner.

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In the past, Western Societies concept of a normal family was one that consisted of a mother, father and child or children, otherwise classified as a nuclear family. However as our society became more modernized the concept of a family changed to incorporate other arrangements. In contemporary society a family can also be seeing as ; a mother or father only with a child or children (single parent),parents and child/children with other relative living together (extended),sibling headed where one sibling (often the older) is left in charge , alternative family type (example homosexuals) living in a house hold. Although family structures may vary in their composition, not all family types may prove beneficial to a child or a learner to be exact. The family provides the foundation for a child's development and is the first agent of socialization. According to Lev Vygotsky development results from a dynamic interaction between individuals and society and through this interaction, children learn gradually and continuously from parents and teachers also (Woolfolk, 1998). Therefore how a family functions to support a child is important to children's development.

In a house whole each parent plays a different yet vital role in a child's life. The father is often seen and the provider and disciplinarian and the mother nurturer. The absence of one of these agents can impact negatively on a child’s development. Therefore the type of family that has proven to be problematic to the social, cognitive and moral development of a child is that of a single parent family. In Jamaican society specifically it is the homes with the absentee fathers that pose the most problem to a child’s development. According to Maureen Samms-Vaughan article (2006) it was stated by Sara McLanahan a Princeton sociologist that children from father-absent homes manifest a number of internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. These behaviors included sadness and depression, delinquency,...
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