At present the health care system of Bangladesh faces major challenges. We are unable to provide even primary medical care to our people let alone secondary and tertiary medical care. The current scenario of information flow in most of the hospital in Bangladesh presents a paper based, time consuming, inefficient system leading to problems of inefficient utilization of resources and problems to patients. All these problems and poor coordination – are closely connected to our failure to use health information technology as an integral part of medical care.
Not only that we face difficulties in retaining specialists in non-urban areas. The distribution of specialists in Bangladesh is indeed lopsided.
With these problems in mind, our objective is to design a Hospital Information Management System (HIMS) which will make the best use of the increasing availability of Information technology and better telecommunications infrastructure to help a hospital manage its matters in an efficient, effective manner and provide better and faster medical treatment and care to its patients. Our objective is also to introduce the idea of ‘Telemedicine’ for rural and distant patient management.
We live in a world of inequality and diversity. This world is divided roughly into three kinds of nations: those that spend lots of money to keep their weight down; those whose people eat to live; and those that do not know where the next meal is coming from. At the beginning of the new millennium this is the reality where we live, but there are new technologies, which can improve our lives. In the twenty-first century there exists a predominately information and knowledge-based society, where every country hopes to achieve its goal of social and economic development, including full education, proper food, security, decent health, genuine gender equity and respect for cultural pluralism. Today, the most important problem is to attain and sustain these goals, therefore every country should concentrate in building its own Information Society, until a global village is reached.
The use of information and communication technologies can become a common tool for all health care professionals and patients. It is said that the Internet should be used for the benefit of mankind. Internet pundits have always felt that development and delivery of medicine will be one area where this medium is likely to have immense benefit to mankind. For e-healthcare and telemedicine to emerge as a viable alternative modality for delivering medical care and expertise the most important precondition that is to be met is the adaptation of Information technology by hospitals especially in terms of networking
and hospital management systems.
Telemedicine is no longer just a playground for dreamers, enthusiasts and pilot programs. It has become a strategic tool for those countries where, because of failing economic trends, decades of political instability and low levels of development, the health sector lags far behind its counterparts in many other countries of the world, especially within the more industrialized nations.
Technologies like networked electronic health records, broadband communication and secure networks enable the delivery of “ubiquitously available” and enhanced healthcare services to patients. The massive deployment of information technologies changes the access to and the nature of healthcare at rapid pace. Telecommunication and IT-applications facilitate communication and information, simplify diagnostic and therapeutic processes and enable better care to be provided in the patient’s private environment. Many promising approaches resulting in the optimization of the treatment of patients by establishing integrated and comprehensive healthcare networks are in existence. Hence, Telemedicine, electronic medical records, and hospital automation are attracting increasing attention of the...